Eparch(redirected from eparchs)
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in the Byzantine Empire, the ruler of the city of Constantinople and its environs.
The eparch was directly subordinate to the emperor. He directed a large staff of officials and was the head of a military detachment. He fulfilled judicial and police functions and was in charge of the prison. He was also responsible for provisioning the city and for regulating artisans’ production, trade (including prices), and public spectacles. The office of eparch was eliminated after 1204.
The term “eparch” was used in the 14th century, but mainly as a court title.