men 'neck' < OIA mani 'hump of camel' (9732) has no comparable modern parallel in South Asia; however, the vowel is probably the outcome of epenthesis
of [j] in this phonological environment can be accounted for by the fact that both the epenthetic palatal glide [j] and the coronal vowels [i, e] are produced at the same place of articulation, which is the hard palate.
ni/, other words do not take this option but prefer to break up the cluster by epenthesis
, for example.
The reverse case of movement epenthesis
is movement deletion.
The difference between epenthesis
and copy is simply the difference in preference between unmarked phonological features and the extension of existing features.
2001; see also Burkhardt 2001), vowel hiatus is resolved via consonant epenthesis
3]tum), and that, in the course of the evolution of the early "pre-Akkadian" language into the documented, historical language, an epenthesis
took place which had the effect of disrupting the original triconsonantal cluster through the insertion of an epenthetic vowel -i- (*pirst- > pirist-).
in [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 'to meet' < Old Russian [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] or metathesis in mpamop 'marble' < Latin marmor); they are active processes in non-standard speech, namely dialects, popular or children's speech (e.
More specifically, epenthesis
of [e] in the plural reflects the emergence of the unmarked (McCarthy and Prince 1994), with respect to the constraint against coda consonants (*Coda), whose effects can be seen in the OO phonology of the plural, but not in the language as a whole, for example, mujer vs.
is the result of vocalic epenthesis
between the two consonants of the initial cluster, thus [LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] > [LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] eventually yielding two syllables, the first of which became through assimilation a near or perfect rime of the second .
The expected epenthesis
of a vowel in order to avoid complex codas does not apply, and thus the similarity between the output of the jussive form and its base is greater than if epenthesis
This paper presents an OT analysis of stop epenthesis
, which as well as reflecting the basic pattern of stop insertion can also model the available quantitative data on variability of stop epenthesis
and the phonetic difference between epenthetic and underlying stops.