Fourakis and Port (1986), in addition to showing that epenthesis
is language-specific, also find that epenthetic stops are not phonetically equivalent to underlying voiceless stops: in pairs such as dense (with epenthetic [t]) vs.
The trigger for schwa epenthesis
may be either phonological or morphological.
That deletion as opposed to vowel epenthesis
occurs is a consequence of the ranking DEP-V >> MAX-C.
There are also instances of epenthesis
in word initial sC- sequences speak [es'pi:[?
67) LINDA LOMBARDI, "Coronal epenthesis
and markedness", Phonology, 19 (2002), p.
Furthermore, languages rely on morphophonemic processes such as glide formation, vowel deletion, vowel coalescence and consonant (usually glide) epenthesis
to resolve hiatus (see Casali, 1996, 1997).
From this all words here can be derived: Bangani, Deogari and Kashmiri display epenthesis
(more on this below in section 13), but not Indus Kohistani and Romani.
Here he claims that, universally, "in loan phonology epenthesis
is natural initially and deletion finally" (p.
, morpheme coalescence) and also minimality/maximality constraints (e.
Thus Hogg refers to Luick when discussing palatalisation (260-261,263,275), assibilation (272), assibilation of [sc] (271), fricative voicing (283-284), development of velars (289), gemination (294), consonant loss (297), epenthesis
(298), assimilation (300-301), and consonant shifts (306).
Processes that persist beyond 3 years include cluster reduction, epenthesis
, gliding, vocalization, stopping, depalatalization, and final devoicing (Ferguson, Menn, & Stoel-Gammon, 1992; Grunwell, 1987; Locke, 1983; Stoel-Gammon & Dunn, 1985; Yavas, 1988).
Agassiz, 1865; Clytia (Campanularia) volubilis du Plessis, 1871; Campanularia (Clytia) johnstoni Hincks, 1872; Campanularia coronata Clarke, 1879; Epenthesis
bicophora Haeckel, 1879; Clytia flavidula Metschnikoff, 1886; Campanularia edwardsi Nutting, 1901a; Clytia grayi Nutting, 1901a; Campanularia minuta Fraser, 1912b; Phialidium hemisphaericum Mayer, 1910; Campanularia (Clytia) johnstoni Broch, 1912; Clytia minuta Fraser, 1912b; Clytia uniflora Stechow, 1923a; Clytia similis Fraser, 1947; Phialidium noliformis Kramp, 1959; Phialidium noliforme Kramp, 1961; Campanularia (Clytia) coronata Vervoort, 1968; Clytia (Campanularia) hemisphaerica Gili, 1982; Clytia hemisphaerica Calder, 1991; Migotto, 1993; Cornelius, 1982, 1995.