Ephor

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Ephor

 

a member of a collegium of supreme officials in Sparta, in ancient Greece. Five ephors were elected annually by the assembly of citizens.

The collegium of ephors was established in the mid-eighth century B.C The ephors convened and presided over meetings of the Gerousia (council of elders) and the Apella (popular assembly); they managed the state treasury, announced troop call-ups, appointed military commanders, and handled legal matters. The ephors supervised the activities of the kings and officials; they also watched over the behavior of citizens and of the dependent population—the Perioeci and the Helots. The ephors were the bulwark of the oligarchic regime that existed in Sparta.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Henderson and his team, working together with Mr Elias Spondylis of the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities, are using equipment initially developed for the military and offshore oilfield market.
As already noted, all requests for name changes and the design of emblems were forwarded to the General Ephorate of Antiquities in order to ascertain whether they were `archaeologically appropriate'.
The designing and implementation of the Eumathios Philokales project is the result of the cooperation between the Department of Antiquities, the Church of Cyprus (Holy Monastery of Panagia Amasgous, Bishoprics of Limasol and Trimithus) and the 28th Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities of Western Crete of the Greek Ministry of Culture.
He then identifies yet another 'heightened form' of social virtue in Fichte's account of the ephorate and the state official, comparing it this time with Robespierre's vertu publique.
These remarkable findings have been made public by the Greek government after the start of a five-year collaborative project involving the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities of the Hellenic Ministry of Culture and The University of Nottingham.
In the fifteenth, in the forty-eighth year of the priestess-ship of Chrysis at Argos, in the ephorate of Aenesias at Sparta, in the last month but two of the archonship of Pythodorus at Athens, and six months after the battle of Potidaea, just at the beginning of spring (Thuc.
We also thank for their hdp the heads of the Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities of Kavala (Greek Ministry of Culture).
We warmly thank Jacques Pelegrin for the enlightening discussions concerning the lithic assemblages, the 4th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities of the Greek Ministry of Culture for sampling permissions, Christophe Moreau for the AMS measurements on Artemis (CEA, Saclay, France) and Ludovic Mevel for preparing the lithic illustrations.
Around the early Byzantine church of Ag Kyriaki, north-east of Apeiranthos, analysis of fieldwalking data by Athanasios Vionis for the 2nd Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities suggests that up to 70 per cent of the ancient finds collected belong to the seventh to ninth centuries AD.
The excavations, conducted by the 17th ephorate of prehistoric and classical antiquities, focused on 50 tombs in the western cemetery of the ancient settlement.