Epiblast

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epiblast

[′ep·ə‚blast]
(embryology)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Epiblast

 

(1) In botany, a squamous growth on the outer side of the embryo of many herbs. The epiblast covers the plumule partially or completely. It is well expressed in most bread grains and meadow grasses, for example, rice, Poa, barley, and bamboo. It is absent in millet, sorghum, corn, and canes. The epiblast protects the plumule. During germination it swells greatly, accumulating moisture like a sponge and participating in dehiscence of the caryopsis. The morphological nature of the epiblast is unclear.

(2) In zoology, the outer epithelial layer of the discoblastula, or blastoderm, in scorpions, cephalopods, mollusks, sharks, and bony fishes, as well as in most reptiles, birds, and lower mammals. The epiblast contains ectodermal and mesodermal material. It is isolated from the cells of the internal layer, or hypoblast, by a cavity known as the blastocoel.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.