Epicanthus

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Epicanthus

 

(also epicanthic, or Mongolian, fold), a fold near the inner canthus of the human eye formed by the skin of the upper eyelid and more or less covering the lacrimal papilla. The epicanthus is a characteristic of the Mongoloid race and some groups of the Negroid race. The fold is more developed in children than in adults, and it occurs more often in women than in men.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the minor anomalies, low set ears, epicanthic folds, simian crease and hypotonia were found to have a statistically significant association with the occurrence of chromosomal anomalies.
A comparison of the clinical features of the two probands with those reported in the literature [1] Clinical features Proband B Proband S Macrosomia Yes No Macrocephaly Yes Yes Hypertelorism, epicanthic folds, Yes Yes downslanted palpebral fissures Redundant skin over glabella No No Macrostomia Yes Yes Macroglossia Yes Yes Midline groove lower lip or tongue Yes Yes Cleft lip or palate or high, narrow palate No No Macrognathia Yes No Congenital heart disease Yes Yes Conduction defects No No Diastasis recti/umbilical hernia No No Diaphragmatic hernia No No Renal dysplasia/nephromegaly Yes No Cryptorchidism/hypospadias Yes No Hand anomalies No Yes Rib anomalies Yes Yes Table 2.
The sap bonds in seconds the false eyelashes to Tay Augus' own lashes, thus extending the natural lashes and erasing his obvious epicanthic fold.
The traditional racial semiotic tells us what having a certain color of skin "means"; it tells us that a certain feature of the eyes--the epicanthic fold--means some notion of "Asianness." It becomes habitual through repeated use and social convention to the point that it reigns hegemonically over social life.
Race is not only about phenotypic characteristics such as skin color or epicanthic folds, but also about how social meanings are organized around these phenotypic differences.
Other findings include inner epicanthic folds, telecanthus, strabismus, corneal clouding, cataracts, and coloboma of the eyelids, choroids, or optic nerve.
"I have a glossy black-and-white photograph of the painting," Lefkovitz tells us, "and when I look at this dapper grandfather I see something of my uncle' and something Asian, too, for the eyes have a slight epicanthic fold." She notes that the inheritances of children ten of Holocaust survivors "is loss an memory, all of it as overdetermined and refracted by time as the photograph of the painting of the photograph of my grandfather."
Two additional morphological characteristics further distinguish the Khoisan from other native populations in southern Africa: their epicanthic fold (a fold of skin on the inner angle of the upper eyelid) and light skin pigmentation.
Then their high cheekbones and the epicanthic folds over their eyes make them look Asian." Its as if the two sides were still warring with each other within them.
* slanting eyes with a fold of skin at the inner corners (epicanthic folds)
Indeed, it was the distinctive appearance and in particular the epicanthic fold that contributed to the identification of Down syndrome by Langdon Down (1866) and his association of people with Down syndrome with the 'Mongoloid race.' [4] Down syndrome is diagnosed at birth and the facial characteristics means the syndrome is easily identifiable to anyone the child comes into contact with from an early age.
Comparison of physical features in children with Down syndrome and hypothyroidism * Down syndrome Head Brachycephaly, intermediate fontanelle Tongue Protruding Nasal bridge Underdeveloped Eyes Upslanted palpebral fissures, epicanthic folds, Brushfield spots (in blue eyes) Neck Short Heart Murmur (mainly atrioventricular canal defect) Abdomen Umbilical hernia Neuromuscular Hypotonia Skin Dry Extremities Short hands and feet, transverse palmar crease, clinodactyly, wide sandal gaps, hyperextensible joints Hypothyroidism Head Normal Tongue Large Nasal bridge Underdeveloped Eyes Normal Neck Short Heart Murmur (often nonspecific) Abdomen Umbilical hernia Neuromuscular Hypotonia Skin Dry Extremities Short hands and feet * Adapted from Coleman.