epicardium

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Related to epicardial: epicardial pacemaker

epicardium

[‚ep·ə′kärd·ē·əm]
(anatomy)
The inner, serous portion of the pericardium that is in contact with the heart.
(invertebrate zoology)
A tubular prolongation of the branchial sac in certain ascidians which takes part in the process of budding.
References in periodicals archive ?
Echocardiographic epicardial adipose tissue is related to anthropometric and clinical parameters of metabolic syndrome: a new indicator of cardiovascular risk.
Occasionally, prominent epicardial fat or epicardial hematoma is mistaken at echocardiography for a pericardial mass.
Release of inflammatory factors from epicardial adipose tissue may be promoting an active atherosclerotic process, and this is indicated by the presence of non-calcified plaques," Raggi says.
Ischemia and even myocyte injury can occur in the absence of overt epicardial CAD.
Notably, epicardial fat in patients with coronary atherosclerosis produced greater amounts of proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor, and lesser quantities of protective factors, such as adiponectin.
Its products include venous vessel introducers, epicardial and endocardial stimulation leads, safety needles and other products for use in pacemaker, defibrillator, catheter and infusion port procedures as well as neuromodulation and hearing restoration markets.
One-third of the women were found to have significant CAD on angiography as defined as a 50% or more luminal diameter stenosis in an epicardial coronary artery
Cardiac catheterization disclosed angiographically normal epicardial coronary arteries and a left ventricular ejection fraction of approximately 25%.
The article's take away message for me is that epicardial ablation should be viewed as complimentary ablation to traditional catheter approaches to improve outcomes, and to expand treatment capabilities to the broader AF patient population suffering from persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation with left atrial enlargement.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Isolated rabbit hearts were perfused according to the Langendorff technique and connected to a 256-channel epicardial mapping system.
They address tissue effects, cryotechnology, and clinical applications of procedures like ablation for atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) and atrial flutter and fibrillation, septal pathways, balloon-based and endocardial cryoablation, epicardial cryoablation for patients undergoing mitral valve surgery, and cryoablation of ventricular tachycardias, as well as history and mechanisms.