Thus, by ASD, including drug/biological stem cells could directly flow outside of ASD tubules onto the epicardium
to produce direct biological affection on cardiomyocytes or other heart tissues with a little dosage of drugs into blood circulation.
Histologic sections revealed all three cardiac layers (epicardium
, myocardium and endocardium).
Figure 4(b) shows the ROI, enclosed in rectangular box in (a), representing left and right ventricle and epicardium
Subsequent fibrin deposition lead to fibrinous pericarditis and if fibrin within the pericardial sac matures to fibrinous tissue leading to fibrosis of pericardium and epicardium
the constrictive pericarditis will result (Radostits et al, 2007).
Cibi et al., "Hippo signaling mediators Yap and Taz are required in the epicardium
for coronary vasculature development," Cell Reports, vol.
Results of the Autologous Human Cardiac-Derived Stem Cell to Treat Ischemic Cardiomyopathy (ALCADIA) experimentation illustrated that 200 [micro]g of bFGF in a biodegradable gelatin hydrogel sheet implanted on the epicardium
of human patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and heart failure leads to the continuous release of bFGF, thus suggesting the effectiveness of the methodology [98, 99].
RV free-wall thickness at end-diastole was measured from either the subcostal, coronal or parasternal-axis view, whichever view most clearly illustrated the RV epicardium
Dissection was started by incising the epicardium
which appeared to be the thinnest portion over the mass.
The RCA and LCA was traced through epicardium
and subepicardial adipose tissue.
Myocardium appearance in ARVC with progressive fibro-adipose replacement of myocardium initiated from epicardium
(Masson's trichrome, 40x)
The researchers needed to provide the cardiac progenitor cells with additional information in order for them to generate into epicardium
The greater density of the Ito current in the epicardium
causes a transmural dispersion of repolarization that manifest as a J wave or ST-segment elevation.