epidemic gastroenteritis

epidemic gastroenteritis

[¦ep·ə¦dem·ik ¦gas·trō‚ent·ə′rīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the stomach and intestine, of viral origin; considered to be epidemic when symptoms are manifested by a member of the patient's family within 10 days of the patient's recovery.
References in periodicals archive ?
Noroviruses (NoVs) are a major cause of epidemic gastroenteritis in children and adults.
Cukor (1982), "Norwalk Virus: A Major Cause of Epidemic Gastroenteritis," AJPH 72: 1321-1323.
Noroviruses are the leading cause of epidemic gastroenteritis, detected in [approximately equal to] 50% of AGE outbreaks across Europe and the United States (2,3).
To better understand and guide appropriate interventions to prevent epidemic gastroenteritis, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched a novel national surveillance system in 2009--the National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS).
Noroviruses are the leading cause of epidemic gastroenteritis, including foodborne outbreaks, and a major cause of sporadic gastroenteritis in the United States (1-3).
Group C rotaviruses cause sporadic and epidemic gastroenteritis in children and adults.
Noroviruses are the most common cause of epidemic gastroenteritis in the United States (1).
Since the application of molecular assays, NoVs have been well-documented as the leading cause of epidemic gastroenteritis in all age groups, causing >90% of nonbacterial and [approximately equal to] 50% of all-cause epidemic gastroenteritis worldwide (5).
However, if one considers that NoV frequently causes both sporadic and epidemic gastroenteritis and can affect all age groups, some other potential targets for vaccination may include elderly persons in nursing homes, who are vulnerable to severe complications, and military recruits, in whom sporadic and epidemic NoV disease is known to incur substantial illness and financial costs from work disruption (7; online Technical Appendix 2).
A predominant role for Norwalk-like viruses as agents of epidemic gastroenteritis in Maryland nursing homes for the elderly.