epidural


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epidural

1. upon or outside the dura mater
2. 
a. injection of anaesthetic into the space outside the dura mater enveloping the spinal cord
b. anaesthesia induced by this method

epidural

[¦ep·ə¦du̇r·əl]
(anatomy)
Located on or over the dura mater.
References in periodicals archive ?
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is diagnosed in approximately 1 in 20,000 hospital admissions.
Traditional epidural injections used by anesthesiologists are archaic.
Women are often told they must wait until their labour is well established before being given an epidural.
The mean difference between early or late epidural when it came to the duration of the second stage of labor was about 3.
Baseline characteristics of patients undergoing liver resections with and without epidural analgesia were described using univariate analyses of the weighted NIS data.
It is likely to be switched from "not recommended" for use in epidurals to "must not be used".
Now, three years later, the key findings documented in Brain detail the impact of epidural stimulation in a total four participants, including new tests conducted on Summers.
Epidural analgesia (EA) is considered the gold standard in postoperative analgesia for colonic resection surgery (1).
Stephen Onley, pictured at home with wife Carol, was left paralysed when an epidural he was given went wrong.
Patients older than 18 years of age with 3 or more than 3 ribs fractures were included in the study, which had either epidural analgesia or intravenous opioid analgesia as pain relief modality.
Sonuc olarak, torakal epidural anestezi acik kalp cerrahisi uygulanacak hastalarin beklentilerini ve cerrahi prosedurun gereksinimlerini tek basina karsilayabilmektedir.
The researchers concluded that in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis, epidural injection of glucocorticoids plus lidocaine offered minimal or no short-term benefit compared with epidural injection of lidocaine alone.