epidural

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epidural

1. upon or outside the dura mater
2. 
a. injection of anaesthetic into the space outside the dura mater enveloping the spinal cord
b. anaesthesia induced by this method

epidural

[¦ep·ə¦du̇r·əl]
(anatomy)
Located on or over the dura mater.
References in periodicals archive ?
[1] A greater than 50% decrease in onset time for epidural anaesthesia took place when the pH was raised from 4.5 to 7.2 by addition of soda bicarbonate.
These results demonstrate that epidural anaesthesia is considerably effective in achieving postoperative analgesia in the patients undergoing a C-section.
Indeed, in a review [7] of 43 instances of cranial nerve palsy following spinal and epidural anaesthesia in obstetric practice, 27 cases were associated with postdural puncture headache, suggesting a common causality between the two.
Conclusion: The A to S time and the entire anaesthetic time were longer for epidural anaesthesia than for spinal anaesthesia.
In all the earlier studies wherein ropivacaine was used for epidural anaesthesia in goats, the sensory analgesia was evaluated on the basis of the response of the animal to percutaneous pin prick stimulation [9,15,16].
It also causes fewer assisted or Caesarean births, and reduces the need for epidural anaesthesia and of getting an infection in the womb.
Surgery is performed under general, local or epidural anaesthesia. The surgeon makes an incision an inch above the affected area.
Anaesthesia Type/ 0 1 2 3 Total LSCS General Anaesthesia 16 7 2 25 (7.65%) Spinal Anaesthesia 2 168 92 2 264 (80.73%) Epidural Anaesthesia 14 3 17 (5.19%) Cannot recall 14 7 21 (6.43%) Total 2 212 109 4 327 267 of 327, i.e.
The search criteria were the following: [sepsis] OR [septic] AND [epidural anaesthesia OR spinal anaesthesia]; [Infection] AND [regional anaesthesia OR local anaesthesia OR epidural anaesthesia OR spinal anaesthesia]; [local anaesthetics] AND [infection OR sepsis OR septic]; all in Title/Abstract; date of publication 2005-July 2016, including articles published in English, Spanish, French, German, Portuguese and Italian.