Market structure in volume and in value and market shares in volume are given for all epidural anaesthesia
Although previous studies differed in the supplemental doses of neuromuscular blocking drugs, the local anaesthetic used and the duration of the operation under combined general and epidural anaesthesia, the findings in relation to complete recovery of neuromuscular function were not significant different (2,15).
Although the effect in the clinical setting is small, anaesthetists should be aware of the interaction between neuromuscular blocking agents and local anaesthetics during combined general and epidural anaesthesia.
Since the patient was haemodynamically stable and the coagulation profile was normal, she had combined spinal epidural anaesthesia
Unintended subdural injection: A complication of epidural anaesthesia
Haughton and Chalkiadis also reiterated that epidural anaesthesia in patients who have undergone previous back surgery is associated with a higher incidence of subdural catheterisation (32).
This presentation helps to distinguish an unexpectedly high sensory level due to subdural placement from that caused by an inadvertent subarachnoid placement during epidural anaesthesia, wherein the onset is fast with complete bilateral sympathetic, sensory and motor blockade below a certain level.
A 60-year-old ASA II female had elective left total knee replacement under combined spinal epidural anaesthesia
The relative effects of mass, volume and concentration of local anaesthetic solutions used for epidural anaesthesia
and analgesia are still a subject of debate.
Hypotension is one of the most common complications of spinal or epidural anaesthesia
for caesarean delivery (1-3).