epidural

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Related to epidural anesthesia: Epidural analgesia

epidural

1. upon or outside the dura mater
2. 
a. injection of anaesthetic into the space outside the dura mater enveloping the spinal cord
b. anaesthesia induced by this method

epidural

[¦ep·ə¦du̇r·əl]
(anatomy)
Located on or over the dura mater.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of high thoracic epidural anesthesia and local anesthetic on bronchial hyperreactivity.
The limitations of this study are the relatively small number of patients that were included and the exact dose equivalence of dexmedetomidine and fentanyl that was used in epidural anesthesia.
There is a need of larger study to explore the effect of dexmedetomine in comparison to clonidine as an adjuvant to ropivacaine in epidural anesthesia.
Our study designed the case description and openly discussed the most recent information on the topic, in an attempt to answer the following questions: Is epidural anesthesia the right choice for patients undergoing lumbar spine fusion?
Many researchers have used lidocaine tape and EMLA(r) cream for epidural and spinal anesthesia, which provide adequate analgesia, although less effective than lidocaine infiltration during the administration of spinal or epidural anesthesia.
Increased maternal satisfaction with birth experiences, reduced rates of epidural anesthesia and the associated detrimental effects, decreased use of high-risk interventions, lower costs, and improved health outcomes are but a few of the advantages that hydrotherapy can bring to a hospital's maternity system.
The study authors noted that epidural anesthesia is known to increase delivery time, but said it doesn't account for all of the increase.
The researchers used thoracic epidural anesthesia and left cardiac sympathetic denervation, an additional treatment for select patients that involves endoscopic interruption of the nerves that come out of the spinal cord and give rise to fibers that reach the heart.
Bedside caesarean section due to total spinal block after epidural anesthesia for labor pain.
The intrathecal space is entered during several diagnostic and therapeutic spinal procedures, including lumbar puncture, myelography, and spinal anesthesia, and can occur inadvertently during epidural anesthesia.
High thoracic epidural anesthesia as a sole anesthetic strategy enabled the performance of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in a conscious patient without endotracheal general anesthesia in 1998 (1).
Objective: This study tests the hypothesis that epidural anesthesia during and epidural analgesia after, lower extremity vascular surgery decreases the incidence of postoperative morbidity compared with general anesthesia.