epidural

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Related to epidural anesthesia: Epidural analgesia

epidural

1. upon or outside the dura mater
2. 
a. injection of anaesthetic into the space outside the dura mater enveloping the spinal cord
b. anaesthesia induced by this method

epidural

[¦ep·ə¦du̇r·əl]
(anatomy)
Located on or over the dura mater.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cousins et al showed many years ago that induction of epidural anesthesia improved blood flow by over 50% in a lower extremity bypass graft" In their study, patients had an epidural catheter inserted before lower extremity vascular surgery that was then performed under general anesthesia.
Horlocker et al performed a prospective study 4 years later in which 924 patients given spinal or epidural anesthesia were studied to determine the risk of hemorrhagic complications associated with regional anesthesia (20).
Patients who were referred for MIDCAB surgery, and who did not present contraindications to epidural catheter placement and consented for operation under epidural anesthesia; were randomized either to undergo operation under general endotracheal anesthesia (GA Group) or under epidural anesthesia (EA Group).
Epidural anesthesia is used frequently during vascular procedures.
Wong and her colleagues reported that the currently available pumps used for patient-controlled epidural anesthesia (PCEA) also can be programmed to automatically deliver boluses at regular intervals, and that this "programmed intermittent epidural bolus" (PIEB) resulted in similar analgesia but with a smaller bupivacaine dose and better patient satisfaction, compared with continuous epidural infusion (CEI) for maintenance of epidural labor analgesia (Anesth.
The motion, authored by Supervisor Zev Yaroslavsky, calls for California Department of Health Services investigators to make sure Medi-Cal rules are being followed with respect to the administration of epidural anesthesia.
Products for epidural anesthesia and intraosseE[micro]sa driveways.
It was an informative presentation that I feel covered the normal questions a pregnant woman would have regarding epidural anesthesia.
Northridge Hospital Medical Center officials apologized Thursday to a patient who was denied epidural anesthesia during childbirth because she could not pay $400 cash, saying the 1997 incident was an isolated case.
It could also be used as a routine test for anyone undergoing epidural anesthesia, suffering base of skull fracture, skull based surgery or other procedures where it is important to detect the presence of CSF.
2 - epidural anesthesia needles with cross handles,
But epidural anesthesia - which numbs a person from the chest down - and less-powerful painkillers such as ibuprofen do the job just as well, and enable the patient to eat much sooner, Chodak said.