Hematoma

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Related to epidural hematoma: epidural anesthesia, Subdural hematoma

hematoma

[‚hē·mə′tō·mə]
(medicine)
A localized mass of blood in tissue; usually it clots and becomes encapsulated by connective tissue.

Hematoma

 

a localized accumulation of liquid blood in tissues.

A hematoma is formed during hemorrhages if the blood does not infiltrate the tissues (such as the subcutaneous tissue, muscles, periosteum, brain, liver, and spleen) but rather separates them, forming a cavity. The primary cause of hematomas is trauma, or rupture of pathologically altered blood vessels. Small hematomas are resorbed without a trace, but an inflammatory reaction develops, with the formation of a thick capsule, around large ones. Hematomas result in swelling, ecchymosis, pain, and dysfunction of the affected organ. Treatment involves application of a pressure bandage, and treatment with cold the first day and then heat. Surgery is indicated if a liver or spleen hematoma ruptures or if the hematoma suppurates.

References in periodicals archive ?
Then, an emergent spinal magnetic resonance image was arranged, showing a long, thin, fusiform isointense epidural hemorrhage causing compression to the spinal cord in the spinal canal at the level of C6-T2 in T1-phase image, whereas the epidural hematoma was heterogeneously intense in T2-phase image [Figure 2].{Figure 1}{Figure 2}
Spinal epidural hematoma leading to neurologic deficit is reported to be a dreaded complication of enoxaparin use in patients with indwelling epidural catheters12 which precludes its use13.
Complications after ESIs are rare, but can include local discomfort, infection, dural puncture, postdural puncture headache, epidural hematoma, and nerve injury.
There was one case of cerebellar bleeding (day 3), one hematoma of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) (day 3), one epidural hematoma (day 9), one subdural hematoma of the contralateral side (day 3), two hematomas of the scalp (both day 3), and one bleeding of the sutured wound (postoperative day 1).
The least common traumatic head injuries were traumatic intracerebral hematoma (n=70, 4.76%) and epidural hematoma (n=68, 4.63%).
We report a case of thoracic spinal epidural hematoma associated with acute hemiplegia, which was treated with decompression with 100% recovery.
Objective: To determine the clinical presentation and outcome of traumatic epidural hematoma in posterior fossa.
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is defined as a spontaneous collection of blood in the spinal epidural space.
Ito et al., "Chronic spontaneous lumbar epidural hematoma simulating extradural spinal tumor: a case report," Nagoya Journal of Medical Science, vol.