epifauna


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Related to epifauna: faunas

epifauna

[′ep·ə‚fȯn·ə]
(zoology)
Benthic fauna that live on a surface, such as the sea floor, other organisms, or objects.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects on resident macrofauna, particularly infauna and epifauna, may be site specific and likely driven by inherent levels of natural disturbance (Simcnstad & Fresh 1995) or flushing (Dumbauld et al.
The relationships between epifauna richness, and abundance, and eelgrass density and aboveground biomass were analyzed with a Rank Correlation Analysis (Zar 1966).
The epifauna on this substrate also includes that noted below for harder substrate (Westman, 1958).
The Atlantic mud crab Panopeus herbstii is an abundant predator on benthic epifauna, including oysters (Crassostrea virginica) and barnacles (e.
For fishing gear, the data indicated that infauna recovered in sand from the impacts of otter trawls operated inside the closure but that they did not recover in mud, and that epifauna recovered on gravel bottoms from the impact of gillnets used inside the closure.
No difference in fish communities was found between habitats dominated by dense corals and those dominated by dense epifauna with or without corals.
It was not necessary to tag the outplanted juveniles because the exposed nacre and unique coloring of the periostracum of their shell, and its lack of epiphytes and epifauna, allowed us to distinguish them easily from wild abalone.
Encrusting bryozoans were the only type of colonial epifauna positively affected by bottom fishing.
Whole scallops caught commercially often have attached epifauna on their shells and thus may have a somewhat higher whole weight-to-meat weight ratio.
Each month, 10 market-size ([greater than or equal to] 75 mm) live oysters were culled, cleaned of epifauna, and measured (anterior to posterior length) to the nearest millimeter.