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a short, polished, pithy saying, usually in verse, often with a satiric or paradoxical twist at the end. The term was originally applied by the Greeks to the inscriptions on stones. The epigrams of the Latin poet MartialMartial
(Marcus Valerius Martialis) , c.A.D. 40–c.A.D. 104, Roman epigrammatic poet, b. Bilbilis, Spain. After A.D. 64 he lived in Rome for many years, winning fame by his wit and poetic gifts.
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 established the form for many later writers. In England the epigram flourished in the work of innumerable poets including Donne, Herrick, Ben Jonson, Pope, Byron, Coleridge, and Walter Savage Landor. Great German epigrammatists include Logau, Lessing, and Herder. In 18th-century France, Boileau-Despréaux, Lebrun, and Voltaire excelled in the form. Poets of the 20th cent. who are noted for their epigrams include Yeats, Pound, Roy Campbell, and Ogden Nash. One of the most brilliant of prose epigrammatists was Oscar Wilde. His works are studded with epigrams, such as "I can resist everything except temptation."



(1) In classical poetry, a short lyric poem of unspecified content written in the elegiac distich form. Eventually epigrams were written on certain specific themes. For example, they were often written as inscriptions on objects offered to the gods. Some epigrams were didactic, epitaphial, descriptive, or satirical in theme, while others were devoted to love or the joys of the table.

In Greek literature the epigram reached its peak in the work of the Hellenistic poets of the third century B.C. to the first century A.D. These made up the larger part of the Greek Anthology, a work in 16 books. In Roman literature the epigram flourished in the satirical works of Martial in the first century A.D The traditions of the classical epigram were continued in the Byzantine and Latin literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Later these traditions were only occasionally revived, notably in Goethe’s Venetian Epigrams.

(2) In modern European poetry, a short poem usually based on the contrast of a gradual exposition and a final witticism. Epigrams of this type are found in French poetry of the 16th and 17th centuries, based on motifs derived from Martial. They flourished in the 18th century in the works of Voltaire, J.-B. Rousseau, G. E. Lessing, R. Burns, and A. P. Sumarokov. A nontraditional epigram,which developed parallel to the traditional one, was written in direct response to topical, often political events. A. S. Pushkin wrote epigrams of both types. The first type includes works such as “Movement” and “The Curious One,” while the second type includes epigrams on A. A. Arakcheev and F. V. Bulgarin.

By the mid-19th century epigrams of the traditional type began to die out, while those of the topical variety continued as a minor genre. Topical epigrams were written by several 19th-century Russian writers, including D. D. Minaev, and are represented in Soviet literature by the work of A. Arkhangel’skii and S. Vasil’ev.


Grecheskaia epigramma. Edited by F. A. Petrovskii. Moscow, 1960.
Russkaia epigramma vtoroi poloviny XVII—nach. XX v. Leningrad, 1975.



a short, pungent, and often satirical poem, esp one having a witty and ingenious ending
References in periodicals archive ?
The epigram is composed in dactylic hexameters, which give it a mock-heroic tone and also a fluent narrative instead of the antithetical statements of the epigrammatic couplet.
Each epigram is accompanied by a precise Italian translation authored by a different scholar: Gabriella Albanese, Monica Berte, Maria Cecilia Bertolani, Loredana Chines, Donatella Coppini, Giuliana Crevatin, Mirella Ferrari, Carla Maria Monti, Giulia Radin, Mariangela Regoliosi, Silvia Rizzo and Natascia Tonelli.
Narrated by Nadezhda, Osip's wife; Osip's lover, actress Zinaida Zaitseva-Antonova; Stalin's personal bodyguard; a fellow prisoner; and writers Boris Pasternak and Anna Akhmatova, among others, The Stalin Epigram exposes the horrors of Stalinist Russia as it reveals people's fundamental humanity under tyranny.
Somewhere between these two extremes was presumably a reality; and perhaps the best clue to that reality was the Greek erotic epigram, a short poem written for recitation at a symposium, in which literature and sex were united:
remaking shows better than anything that the lusters of epigram were
Feature Writer: Kate Quilton, Epigram, Bristol; Andy Johnson, Gair Rhydd; Noor Kadhim, Isis, Oxford; Chris Gourlay, Leeds Student; Jaimie Hodgson, Smiths.
A thorough study of the style of this genre and its relation to the religious lyric and emblem is needed, but my purpose, drawing principally on the epigram collections of the 1630s, is to consider four questions: how was the form understood by its practitioners and audience, under what circumstances and for what function were these epigrams written, to what function were they later put in circulation or publication, and, finally, what different role did the satiric religious epigram fulfill?
The licensing agreement between Tut and Epigram ensures that future home networking products based on Epigram's iLine10 chipsets will be compatible with HomePNA 1.
We have in Mavra litharia (Black Stones) prose poetry and decapenta-syllabic verse, rhymed and unrhymed lines, structured and free forms, the epigram and the sonnet, even an elegy or two.
Some MDV funded companies that have gone public or were acquired include: Agile; Auspex; Broadbase (KANA); Brocade; Epigram (BRCM); FormFactor; Freshwater Software (MERQ); Ipsilon Networks (NOK); Kalpana (CSCO); Numerical Technologies (SNPS); ONI Systems (CIEN); Pivotal Technologies (BRCM); Rambus; Vantive; Vitesse; and Zip2 (AltaVista).
Among their topics are the herdsman in Greek thought, epigram at the margins of pastoral, panegyric in Virgil's Bucolics, pastoral anxieties in Senecan drama, the pastoral novel and the bucolic tradition, and the pastoral in Byzantium.
This is most evident in the book's epigram drawn from Sir James George Frazer's The Magic Art and the Evolution of Kings (1911) which calls for a separation of facts from hypotheses, suggesting that the latter are "temporary bridges built to connect isolated facts.