Epiphenomenon

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Epiphenomenon

 

an adjunct to a phenomenon; a secondary phenomenon that accompanies other phenomena but has no influence on them. Some adherents of voluntarism, such as E. von Hartmann and F. Nietzsche, regarded consciousness as an epiphenomenon—an implement of the unconscious world will—while several natural-science materialists, including T. Huxley, viewed it as a consequence of the activity of the higher nervous system.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
For those in the behavioral fold who retain antipathy toward "mentalism" and "black box empiricism," who so easily dismiss "mindfulness" or personality epiphenomena as unworthy of the craft, an opportunity is knocking.
For noninvasive prenatal diagnosis, markers that directly reflect changes in chromosome dosage are preferred over indirect markers that are associated with epiphenomena (1, 2).
(3) Many studies have been performed to elucidate the effects of IP, (12-16) but there is no certainty that any beneficial effects claimed represent causes, effects or epiphenomena. (17) Although its clinical therapeutic effect has so far been limited to minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery, (18) it is likely that future specialists will see the implementation of IP in a wide range of surgical patients.
But doing so demands looking beyond the films themselves, however skillfully crafted they may be, to their epiphenomena. What, for example, does Friedman's own complex engagement with Schindler's List reveal, both about the power of a fictional film to effect the extraordinary responses it has engendered, across the United States and around the world, and about Spielberg's stature (since the making of this film) as a public figure, especially for Jews?
Despite the paramount importance of these electromagnetic systems in diagnosing illness, they are regarded by the medical community as epiphenomena that have no intrinsic function.
Guardino also delves below the notoriously chaotic and violence-wracked political life of the young republic to the sub-stratum of what he and others have called political culture: the new rules of the game of politics, in other words, rather than just the epiphenomena of public life.
Those inroads were merely epiphenomena of a much larger and far more serious thirty-five-year-long mass migration caused by the advance of the Huns westward and southward, a gigantic demographic shift that drove other barbarians scurrying ahead into Roman territory--putting enormous pressures on tenuous Roman defenses along the Rhine and Danube.
From the vantage point of what might be called socio-cognitivism, language and, by implication, meaning are approached as dynamic, three-dimensional epiphenomena of human (re)cognition, specific communicative context, and historical socio-cultural context (cf.
Specifically, Phaedo seems to have thought that nonrational desires were ineliminable epiphenomena of the body, that reason was something distinct, and that the purpose of philosophy was its "cure" and "purification." If Plato's intention with the Phaedo is to assert the separability and immortality of reason (whatever one might think about desire and pleasure), then Phaedo provides a useful standpoint for him.
They are unapologetic about regarding museums as part of the epiphenomena of cultural studies.
But one cannot be in India and ignore the power of religious identities and practices nor reduce their status to epiphenomena of capitalism.
Never mind if he turned the epiphenomena of the Revolution into its beating heart, or celebrated the texts of those unread at the time by any but their groupies.