Epiphenomenon

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Epiphenomenon

 

an adjunct to a phenomenon; a secondary phenomenon that accompanies other phenomena but has no influence on them. Some adherents of voluntarism, such as E. von Hartmann and F. Nietzsche, regarded consciousness as an epiphenomenon—an implement of the unconscious world will—while several natural-science materialists, including T. Huxley, viewed it as a consequence of the activity of the higher nervous system.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Second, since human experience starts in bodies and ends in thoughts (Csordas, 1990: pp 8-9), Romanyshyn's technological worldview is epiphenomenal, a metaphysical instance of the half-connecting body, which is the original engine of the Western masculine dream of repressing humans' sensuous desire for each other, the flesh, and earth.
Conceptualism in Linguistics can be taken as the idea that objects have only a formal entity, being observable counterparts only epiphenomenal. This claim is not exclusive to Chomskyan linguistics, but it is essential to other frameworks, like Construction Grammar (Goldberg, 2006), which claims (contrarily to the GB tradition) that constructions exist, like templates, in the mind of speakers, and those templates, and the constraints upon their well-formedness, are the object of language learning.
The second problem is arguably more serious, for it is epiphenomenal: The damage that unethical behavior has done to the ideal of fair play.
Consciousness, according to neuroscientists, is epiphenomenal. This means, depending on the story you follow, that when consciousness arose in evolution, it did so as an action corollary to the functions otherwise necessary to the brain ....
Unlike some Marxists, who viewed rhetorics and superstructures as epiphenomenal materials that only hid the base, material conditions of economic disparities and power of the elites and the bourgeois, he did not see the rationale behind separating rhetoric and Marxism.
"Plenitude," Ward suggests, "should be seen as the quality that informs, envelops, and fulfils all the other literary, philosophical, and theological elements in the novel, not merely making of them a series of discrete banquets, pleasing to the intellect and the imagination in recognizable ways, but elevating them into a banquet of another order, a higher, epiphenomenal order, a whole new genus of literary pleasure" (13).
Epiphenomenal semantics; cognition, context and convention.
In the epiphenomenal position, the mind is understood in terms of brain activity.
Like Stein, Mendelsohn weaves imperial politics, religion and ethnicity, economics and technology into a narrative that, while focused on a previously unknown and seemingly epiphenomenal chapter in modern Jewish history, points us brilliantly to the possibilities of a new sort of economic history of the Jews.
In queer critical analyses, "what is otherwise taken for granted as stable is challenged, interrogated, and explored." (19) In challenging a perspective of sacramentality that often suffers from "thingification" (20) or a purely utilitarian concept, thus rendering it "epiphenomenal to human life," (21) I commence with the premise that sacramentality refers to what God is doing for God's people throughout their lives and the polyvalent ways in which people consequently respond to these divine actions.
The following chapter, 'Constraints on Syntactic Alternation: Lexical-Constructional Subsumption in the Lexical Constructional Model', is a contribution by Ruiz de Mendoza and Mairal Uson which discusses syntactic alternations as epiphenomenal to constrained lexical-constructional integration within the framework of the Lexico-Constructional Model (LCM).