Epiphenomenon

(redirected from epiphenomenal)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Epiphenomenon

 

an adjunct to a phenomenon; a secondary phenomenon that accompanies other phenomena but has no influence on them. Some adherents of voluntarism, such as E. von Hartmann and F. Nietzsche, regarded consciousness as an epiphenomenon—an implement of the unconscious world will—while several natural-science materialists, including T. Huxley, viewed it as a consequence of the activity of the higher nervous system.

References in periodicals archive ?
254) International law is not epiphenomenal, as structural realists maintain.
No: such alterations should be recognized as epiphenomenal, rather than constitutive of coercion.
Macdonald & Robert Wolfe, "Canada's Third National Policy: The Epiphenomenal or the Real Constitution?
Most of these associations are based on increased antibody responses in either the CSF and/or periphery and may be merely epiphenomenal of an aberrant or dysregulated global immune response.
skeptical version, international institutions are epiphenomenal, and in
The suggestion to use the term emergent grammar was first made by Paul Hopper who argued that grammar has to be seen as a real-time social phenomenon, the structure of which is always provisional, always negotiable, and in fact epiphenomenal, as much an effect as a cause (Hopper 1987 : 142).
But contemporary theorists sneer at what they see as easily accessible moral teachings; the opportunity to construct an exegetical interface between a text and its epiphenomenal apparition, a Lacanian allegory, say, or a Derridean dialysis, is an opportunity not to be missed, and is thought to be far more gratifying than the possibility that the text might be saying something about something.
Persistent positivity of laboratory tests is important (52), since transient presence of epiphenomenal APAs may give rise to misclassification.
Meanwhile, at least one ecumenical accord can be made from the outset: the existence of science-engaging and deeply ethical theology should serve as a "white crow" in scientistic theories of religion as backward, epiphenomenal, and pathological.
In fact, whatever cohesive unity that exists here is perhaps only epiphenomenal to the common perception of an angry, irrational, religious enemy.
Few received anthropological models and frameworks fit well an understanding of the epiphenomenal complexities of the patterning of modern development across the board, or even of the general situation or the local diversities of single nation states such as China.
So, if mental events are not physical then either the mental event is epiphenomenal or it overdetermines the physical effect, assuming that every physical event has a physical cause.