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The end portion of a long bone in vertebrates.



the jointed end of a tubular bone. The epiphyseal cartilage (known as growth plate) found between the epiphysis and the diaphysis plays a major role in the growth of bone lengthwise, becoming ossified between the ages of 12 and 25 years.

Injury to the epiphysis in childhood or adolescence may cause epiphysiolysis—that is, displacement of the epiphysis and rupture of the epiphyseal cartilage, which may slow down the bone’s growth and result in its shortening. A more frequent condition is osteoepiphysiolysis, in which the fracture line extends to the diaphysis as well.

References in periodicals archive ?
Conclusion: Indiscriminate iron supplementation to the rats throughout pregnancy without checking serum iron levels can disturb the longitudinal growth of epiphyseal plate of femur.
The CE angles, femoral neck-shaft angles, and epiphyseal quotients of the patients in the pre- and postoperative periods are given in Table 1.
Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia is a rare cause of secondary OA and widespread pain.
The classic: epiphyseal chondromatous giant cell tumors of the upper end of the humerus.
For differentiation, proliferation, and hypertrophy of chondrocytes; the production of extracellular matrix; and ossification in the growth plate, IGF-I produced from chondrocytes of the epiphyseal plate is important (Giustina et al.
137G>A in FLT4 ) were associated with an OMIM phenotype which can be inherited through AD ( COMP : epiphyseal dysplasia, AD, OMIM: 132400, and pseudoachondroplasia, AD, OMIM: 177170; SYNE2 : Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, AD, OMIM: 612999; EVC : Weyers acrodentaldysostosis, AD, OMIM: 193530; FLT4 : lymphedema, AD, OMIM: 153100).
5) Despite the ability of hemiepiphysiodesis to improve the tibiotalar angle and the mechanical axis measurement, no appreciable change was found in fibular station or the amount of tibial epiphyseal wedging.
Several surgical procedures have been used to stabilize and produce closure of the epiphyseal plate, and no single method has gained universal acceptance.
suggest that GCTB likely arise from the metaphyseal side of the epiphyseal plate [3].
It represents the most frequent primary epiphyseal tumor in children aged between 10 and 30 years.
For long bones there is a real early physis between the secondary ossification centre of epiphyseal ossification and the diaphyseal ossification area [14].
The tibia is simplified into four different sections; cortical diaphyseal, cortical metaphyseal, cancellous epiphyseal, and cancellous diaphyseal bones [7, 10].