Scleritis

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Related to episcleritis: nodular episcleritis
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scleritis

 

inflammation of the sclera caused chiefly by rheumatism, tuberculosis, brucellosis, or viral and other infections. It is marked by severe irritation of the eye, pain, and formation of an infiltrate in the sclera. Scleritis is often complicated by keratitis and iridocyclitis. In episcleritis, which is the inflammation of the outermost layers of the sclera, irritation is less pronounced and visual acuity usually remains unimpaired. Scleritis is treated with physiotherapy, antibiotics, and hormonal drugs and with local application of heat and corticosteroids.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among all the patients with dry eyes, 24 (60%) were found to have positive rheumatoid factor and all the keratitis, scleritis, and episcleritis patients were seropositive.
These findings were consistent with nodular episcleritis and anterior scleritis in the RE.
Acute conjunctivitis with episcleritis and anterior uveitis linked to adiaspiromycosis and freshwater sponges, Amazon region, Brazil, 2005.
Ocular manifestations are of inflammatory type (8) and range from minor (conjunctivitis, iritis, blepharitis, episcleritis) to major complications (iridocyclitis, keratitis, corneal ulcers and corneal opacity).
It includes conjunctivitis, scleritis, episcleritis, keratitis, and acute closed angle glaucoma, as well as anterior uveitis.
Conjunctivitis interstitial keratitis episcleritis and diffuse or nodular scleritis are less common.
Severe allergic keratoconjunctivitis (the main indication in general practice), adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis, uveitis, episcleritis, scleritis, corneal graft rejection, immunogenic keratitis and uveitis.
(1) Other well-known ocular complications are scleritis, episcleritis, keratitis, peripheral corneal ulceration, and anterior uveitis.
Later, he developed remarkable redness in his eyes diagnosed as episcleritis. However, the episcleritis spontaneously improved and 4 weeks later, he went into a remission, where the urinalysis became normal.
In addition to the symptoms typical of FCAS, patients often also manifest episcleritis, neurosensorial deafness, and secondary amyloidosis in up to 25% of cases [91, 92].