episiotomy

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Related to episiotomies: midline episiotomy

episiotomy

surgical incision into the perineum during the late stages of labour to prevent its laceration during childbirth and to make delivery easier
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

episiotomy

[ə‚pēz·ē′äd·ə·mē]
(medicine)
Medial or lateral incision of the vulva during childbirth, to avoid undue laceration.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Recent studies demonstrated that the use of the Scandinavian MPP model led to central and peripheral perineal tone reduction and significantly decreased the rate of perineal tear grades I and II, OASIS, prophylactic episiotomies and perineal tears (9).
Ideally, verbal consent should be sought from the mother before the episiotomy is given and a local anaesthetic agent injected into the site where the episiotomy will be given to ease the pain.Most episiotomies heal uneventfully without the need for antibiotics and with minimal pain.
Almost all doctors who cut episiotomies are trainee doctors, but only experienced midwives are allowed to cut episiotomy.
The work by Onah (7) and Azria and colleagues (12) had similar findings of episiotomies being significantly more in HIV negative women compared with HIV positive women.
We questioned why obstetricians and midwives still perform routine episiotomies in Cambodia while the evidence shows that it is not beneficial for women.
Women with episiotomies were found to have difficult breastfeeding 2.161 times immediately after birth compared to women with perineal tears, consistent with Lundquist, Olsson, Nissen, and Norman (2000).
According to another study,18 10 per cent of patients with episiotomies were still experiencing pain six weeks after delivery, with none of those with second-degree tears.
The objectives of this study were to determine the relative frequency and risk factors for episiotomies at the Baptist Medical Centre, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.
A comparison between midline and mediolateral episiotomies. BJOG 1980; 87:408-412.
While some episiotomies may still be medically necessary, says Dr.
Episiotomies are also carried out more frequently than average - but other forms of intervention are at average levels.
There was no evidence that episiotomies improved sexual function.