episiotomy


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

episiotomy

surgical incision into the perineum during the late stages of labour to prevent its laceration during childbirth and to make delivery easier

episiotomy

[ə‚pēz·ē′äd·ə·mē]
(medicine)
Medial or lateral incision of the vulva during childbirth, to avoid undue laceration.
References in periodicals archive ?
In developed countries at least 65% of women suffered from perineal trauma, whereas in underdeveloped countries about 35-45% of women who give birth in a hospital have an episiotomy. 12 About 20-25% of women have continuous pain and discomfort for up to two weeks after delivery, 13 and 10% of mothers experienced pain for up to three months after delivery.
[sup][14] While ventouse delivery without episiotomy was a significant risk factor with an OR of 3 [sup][15] that with routine episiotomy was not.
The inclusion criteria were Iranian national, low risk of pregnancy without obstetric complication (hemorrhage, nonreassuring FHR) in all stages of labor, spontaneous labor associated episiotomy incision, no history of mental illness, addiction, motion sickness, and headaches.
An episiotomy involves the same structures as a second-degree tear but is easier to repair, being less anarchic.
The authors of a retrospective study in the Lisbon region that sought to compare the delivery and tracking of pregnancy in teenagers and adults maintain that the higher prevalence of episiotomy among adolescents is related to perineal muscles tense in this population prolonging the expulsive period and other factors as biological immaturity and the intent of professionals to protect the perineum of young mothers.
Since 1984, a number of randomized trials have tested "routine" or "liberal" use of episiotomy against "restrictive" use.
Chantelle was put under anesthesia during the episiotomy and she blacked out, thinking that the procedure would be done by the time she gets up.
The creation of episiotomy during delivery prevents uncontrolled perianal fissures.
This difference was more marked in skills of intrauterine contraceptive device insertion, making and suturing an episiotomy and active management of third stage of labour.
All patients underwent surgery due to grade 3 perineal tears after episiotomy with mediolateral incision during vaginal delivery under spinal anesthesia.
After expulsion of the placenta and episiotomy repair, patients were given either the chamomile cream or placebo cream two hours after episiotomy and rubbed 0.5 gm of the cream on the stitches every 12 hours for 10 days.