nosebleed

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Related to epistaxis: hemoptysis

nosebleed,

nasal hemorrhagehemorrhage
, escape of blood from the circulation (arteries, veins, capillaries) to the internal or external tissues. The term is usually applied to a loss of blood that is copious enough to threaten health or life.
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 occurring as the result of local injury or disturbance. Most nosebleeds are not serious and occur when one of the small veins of the septum (the partition between the nostrils) ruptures. These will usually stop without treatment or when pressure is applied to the nose. A nosebleed may also occur in association with infections, heart failure, hypertensionhypertension
or high blood pressure,
elevated blood pressure resulting from an increase in the amount of blood pumped by the heart or from increased resistance to the flow of blood through the small arterial blood vessels (arterioles).
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 (high blood pressure), arteriosclerosisarteriosclerosis
, general term for a condition characterized by thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of the blood vessels. These changes are frequently accompanied by accumulations inside the vessel walls of lipids, e.g.
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, scurvyscurvy,
deficiency disorder resulting from a lack of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in the diet. Scurvy does not occur in most animals because they can synthesize their own vitamin C, but humans, other primates, guinea pigs, and a few other species lack an enzyme necessary for such
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, leukemialeukemia
, cancerous disorder of the blood-forming tissues (bone marrow, lymphatics, liver, spleen) characterized by excessive production of immature or mature leukocytes (white blood cells; see blood) and consequently a crowding-out of red blood cells and platelets.
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, hemophiliahemophilia
, genetic disease in which the clotting ability of the blood is impaired and excessive bleeding results. The disease is transmitted through females but almost invariably affects male offspring only.
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, and other disorders. Persistent nosebleeds should be brought to the attention of a physician, who can stop the bleeding with vasoconstrictors and topical anesthetics.

nosebleed

bleeding from the nose, as the result of injury, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
During examination, a patient with epistaxis may spit, sneeze, or cough up blood from the nasal or oral cavities.
The most common pathologic finding is telengiectasies which lead to mucocutaneous bleedings and epistaxis is frequently the first finding in the childhood.
On a family form of recurring epistaxis, associated with multiple telangiectases of the skin and mucous membranes.
A sensitivity to heat may be noticed, as may insomnia, palpitations, hot flushes felt in the chest that ascend to the face, a burning feeling in the soles of the feet, tachycardia, left sided headaches, flatulence, diarrhoea, skin eruptions, epistaxis and fainting.
Clinical manifestations displayed by the vWD patients in this study included were ecchymosis, epistaxis, and menorrhagia.
Risk factors for epistaxis during nasotracheal intubation.
The hearing into Mr Green's death from epistaxis - bleeding from the nose - heard Mr Green was discharged the day after surgery on November 8, 1997.
It also reviews key players involved in the therapeutic development for Epistaxis.
We report a case of typical carcinoid of the nasal cavity in a 61-year-old man who had a history of persistent nasal obstruction and epistaxis for approximately 17years.
The patient s complex health care needs include: maintaining all health and personal care needs effectively on a daily basis and working closely with her existing multi-disciplinary team; medication administration via PEG (medication must be administered by a Registered Nurse and in accordance with NICE guidance); diet and fluid administration via PEG; pain relief as appropriate, careful monitoring of breathing and associated treatment, intervention to manage risk of epistaxis, support with continence.
In Glanzmann thrombasthenia, purpura, epistaxis, gingival bleeding and menorrhagia occur frequently, while gastrointestinal bleeding and hematuria are observed less frequently (3).