nosebleed

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Related to epistaxis: hemoptysis

nosebleed,

nasal hemorrhagehemorrhage
, escape of blood from the circulation (arteries, veins, capillaries) to the internal or external tissues. The term is usually applied to a loss of blood that is copious enough to threaten health or life.
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 occurring as the result of local injury or disturbance. Most nosebleeds are not serious and occur when one of the small veins of the septum (the partition between the nostrils) ruptures. These will usually stop without treatment or when pressure is applied to the nose. A nosebleed may also occur in association with infections, heart failure, hypertensionhypertension
or high blood pressure,
elevated blood pressure resulting from an increase in the amount of blood pumped by the heart or from increased resistance to the flow of blood through the small arterial blood vessels (arterioles).
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 (high blood pressure), arteriosclerosisarteriosclerosis
, general term for a condition characterized by thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of the blood vessels. These changes are frequently accompanied by accumulations inside the vessel walls of lipids, e.g.
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, scurvyscurvy,
deficiency disorder resulting from a lack of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in the diet. Scurvy does not occur in most animals because they can synthesize their own vitamin C, but humans, other primates, guinea pigs, and a few other species lack an enzyme necessary for such
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, leukemialeukemia
, cancerous disorder of the blood-forming tissues (bone marrow, lymphatics, liver, spleen) characterized by excessive production of immature or mature leukocytes (white blood cells; see blood) and consequently a crowding-out of red blood cells and platelets.
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, hemophiliahemophilia
, genetic disease in which the clotting ability of the blood is impaired and excessive bleeding results. The disease is transmitted through females but almost invariably affects male offspring only.
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, and other disorders. Persistent nosebleeds should be brought to the attention of a physician, who can stop the bleeding with vasoconstrictors and topical anesthetics.

nosebleed

bleeding from the nose, as the result of injury, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is notable, given the severe nature of epistaxis in this group that had already failed to respond to various medical and interventional therapies before starting bevacizumab.
5) Nasopharyngeal angiofibromas are also hypervascular masses that can present with epistaxis, but these typically occur in teenage boys rather than pregnant girls or women.
At 5 years old she was evaluated because epistaxis, multiple telangiectases on face, breathlessness, ascites, hypoxemia and evidence of multiple pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas.
Clinical findings included crepitation of the nasal bone in 166 patients, nasal axis deviation in 142, swelling of the nasal dorsum in 134, laceration of nasal skin in 93, epistaxis in 14, and septal hematoma in 5 patients.
Keywords: Dry climate, Epistaxis, Lip chapping, Xerosis.
Each and every patient with epistaxis was resorted to nasal endoscopy under Local or General Anaesthesia on arrival.
The buffalo with epistaxis was treated with Ethamsylate injection @ 500 mg QID for three consecutive days.
Conclusion: Endoscopic surgery is superior to conventional nasal packing for the management of epistaxis in the posterior fornix of the inferior nasal meatus.
The degree of epistaxis was estimated by Epistaxis Severity Score (ESS), which is based on six questions including epistaxis frequency, duration, intensity, need for treatment, the presence of anemia, and the need for blood transfusion.
Como hallazgos adicionales se hallo una disminucion de la epistaxis en 87% de los pacientes, mejoria en los niveles de hemoglobina y disminucion en la necesidad de transfusion, sin cambios imagenologicos en las malformaciones arteriovenosas, ni en las telangiectasias (20).
Persistent bruises, epistaxis, mucosal bleeding, prolonged bleeding following tonsillectomy and tooth extractions, prolonged menstrual bleeding, and spontaneous gastrointestinal system bleedings are indicative of this disease (1), (2), (8), (9).