equestrianism


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Related to equestrianism: equestrian sport

equestrianism,

art of riding and handling a horse. Horseback riding was practiced as far back as the Bronze Age and was thereafter adapted to commerce, industry, war, sport, and recreation. Diverse styles of riding developed, and the saddlesaddle,
seat or pad to support the rider on an animal, chiefly a horse. The saddles mentioned in the Bible are generally considered to have been saddlecloths. The ancient Greeks sometimes used saddlecloths, but they had no saddles and often rode bareback.
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, as well as the stirrupstirrup,
foot support for the rider of a horse in mounting and while riding. It is a ring with a horizontal bar to receive the foot and is attached by a strap to the saddle.
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 and other riding aids, were manufactured along with the other appurtenances to horseback riding. At the two extremes of riding are the jockey's riding style, sacrificing comfort and security in the interest of speed, and the cowboy's (western) style, more relaxed for long hours of work. Riding as a skilled sport developed from the style of mounted knights in the medieval period. The so-called academy style is popular in the E United States as well as in Europe. Riding as recreation has become increasingly popular in the United States, particularly in metropolitan and suburban areas.

Horse shows, originated by Ireland's Royal Dublin Society (1864), offer riders a chance to test their skills in competition. Contests are held among hunters, jumpers, ponies, and three- and five-gaited horses; a test of overall training and obedience, known as the dressage event, is also held. The major horse show in the United States is the National Horse Show (originated 1883). Equestrian events have been held in the Olympic games since 1912. Olympic competitions include dressage, jumping (Prix de Nations), and a three-day all-around competition that involves dressage, jumping, and endurance. A significant number of teams in international competition are military teams. See also horse racinghorse racing,
trials of speed involving two or more horses. It includes races among harnessed horses with one of two particular gaits, among saddled Thoroughbreds (or, less frequently, quarterhorses) on a flat track, or among saddled horses over a turf course with obstacles to
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.

Bibliography

See M. Gordon-Watson, The Handbook of Riding (1982); W. C. Steinkraus and M. A. Stoneridge, The Horse in Sport (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
Asked about how he was going to finance his idea, Al-Oufi requested all those interested in equestrianism to join hands with him.
Welsh Equine Council chairman Martyn Williams noted that equestrianism was deeply rooted in Wales and several native breeds, such as the Welsh Cob, enjoy international popularity.
If ever the late Dick Francis had turned his attentions to the world of equestrianism rather than horse racing, he would need have looked no further than the case of Waterford Crystal as inspiration for a best seller.
MANY of the leading names in equestrianism will be competing in the Doubleprint Gatcombe British Open Horse Trials Championships tomorrow.
Competition will be stiff, since only around 20 nations will compete in equestrianism, and the organisers have said that if the Olympic venue at Greenwich Park is ready, all teams will go there a fortnight before the opening.
Proprietor - and competitor - Terinna Pesci-Griffiths and her retired farrier husband, David, see the facility as a real benefit to equestrianism and to tourism in the area.
Five focus sports - athletics, swimming, table tennis, equestrianism and powerlifting - have been selected as representing the best opportunity for international success.
THE chairman of the British Horse Trials Standing Committee is considering bringing in experts from other high-risk sports to help investigate the recent spate of fatalities in equestrianism.
We cater for all areas of equestrianism, and provide for a lot of the top trainers too," said Dever, who'll be taking at least one day off work next week to go to Prestbury Park.
She had the pedigree - her dam was a course and distance winner' she's got the looks' and, despite her knockers, she's done the business in the field too, as proved by European and world titles in equestrianism (bike riding for posh people).
The Gwaenynog horses put on a display of 18th century equestrianism in the main event of the Country Show.
We are the Olympic champions and everyone wants to beat us now and that will only lift us higher and higher,' said Campbell Paralympic dressage rider Lee Pearson received an OBE for services to equestrianism and disabled sport Veteran pollster Sir Robert Worcester, who was knighted, said two years ago he would have given odds of 10,000 to 1 that he would not have been at the Palace.