of Liquid Distribution Reactions: Part IV.
In the general case it is necessary to know four equilibrium constants
, whereas in the simplest case, of [alpha][K.
The application of the Gibbs-Duhem equation (Guggenheim 1967) on Eqn 4 allows the derivation of equations that enable the calculations of the thermodynamic equilibrium constant
and the activity coefficients of adsorbed ions.
The selectivity sequence K > Ca > Mg was established from equilibrium constant
values reported for binary equilibria in Table 6.
The thermodynamci functions of the mixture, such as the Gibbs free energy, and the solvent-solvent and polymer-solvent specific interactions, respectively, as well as the preferential adsorption coefficients in the polymer/solvent/solvent system with specific hydrogen bonding interactions are discussed by means of association equilibrium constants
, according to Eq.
Replacement of the n-butyl group by isopropyl in the Grignard reagent increases the equilibrium constant
by a factor of two in accordance of increasing hindrance to coordination with the donor.
The equilibrium constant
for the reaction given below is estimated to be log [Beta] ~ -3.
In their study of blends of poly(2,3-dimethylbutadiene-co-4-vinylphenol) with different poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate), Coleman and Painter [15, 16] calculated the standard interassociation equilibrium constant
and showed that the accessibility of the interacting species increases until it reaches a level off with an increase of the spacing between both the vinyl phenol and vinyl acetate interacting groups in the copolymers.
This apparent equilibrium constant
is related to the true thermodynamic equilibrium constant
The negative logarithm of the equilibrium constant
K measures the difference of acidities of the acids [HA.
n]" is an equilibrium constant
whose value depends upon the heat of formation of the associated species and the temperature.
eq,a] is the equilibrium constant
of the esterification reaction of AA with BD (Equation (1)).