At potentials below the equilibrium line, the stability of the metallic iron increases, Fe2+ tends to be reduced, and thus its concentration decreases, this is the domain of stability for the metal, iron (Fig.
The equilibrium lines that set the limits between the various stability domains are calculated for the various electrochemical or chemical equilibria between the chemical species considered.
He produced the first classification of Iceland's glaciers, introduced the concepts of "snowline" (equilibrium line
altitude) and albedo, but his considerable tome was not translated into English or other languages until 2004.
By fixing the parameter [sigma] = 10 and letting parameter y cross through the three regions (namely, y is the bifurcation parameter which ranges from 0 to 20), the equilibrium line is presented in Figure 2, where the solid and the dotted curves represent the stable and unstable equilibrium points, respectively.
Caption: Figure 2: Equilibrium line for [sigma] = 10.
These lines converge on the point with coordinates close to the real parameters of the Sun, and their crossing with the outer-layer equilibrium line
gives three characteristic masses: [M.sub.1], [M.sub.2] and [M.sub.3].
It was envisaged at the time that a monitoring station must be established in accumulation zone to understand the glacial dynamics above the equilibrium line
. Accumulation zone is part of the glacier where melting is quite slow but accumulated snow converts into ice throughout the year.
These two regions have settled into their pre-crisis equilibria, in which the rest of the world determines the world interest rate, [i.sup.w], and, thus, the position of the foreign exchange-market equilibrium line
, the FE curve, for the small open economy.
"One hypothesis for the 3-mile-wide (5 kilometer-wide) Perito Moreno's advance is the glacier's apparent insensitivity to changes in what glaciologists call the equilibrium line
on glaciers," Rivera said.
The negative coefficient confirms that when the property-liability industry is operating above the equilibrium line
, there is a tendency to reduce rates.
Above this value, indicated by the dashed parts of the equilibrium lines
at any given temperature, the Ba(OH)[.sub.2](liq)/BaO(s) equilibrium is metastable.
The equilibrium lines
for the two different natural rates, [n.sub.0] and [n.sub.1], with [n.sub.1] [greater than] [n.sub.0] are shown.