As can be seen in Figure 2, in the case of the hydrophilic monomers methyl methacrylate and acrylonitrile, an equilibrium was reached after approximately 500 sec of ultrasonication, whereas the hydrophobic lauryl methacrylate required more than 2000 sec to reach the equilibrium state
If we exploit the idea that there may exist co-movements of these variables and possibilities that they will trend together towards a long-run equilibrium state
, then by the Granger representation theorem, we may posit the following testing relationships that represent a vector error-correction (VEC) model
One can conceive two possible interpretations: the status quo money demand and the would-be equilibrium state
The parameter |Theta^ measures the proportion of the contractual equilibrium wage (w) being obtained through the sharing mechanism when the economy is in its equilibrium state
The results show that the wave's presence forces the black hole out of its stable, equilibrium state
Together with controlled cooling, it helps to create a balance, or equilibrium state
, between cooling time and temperature.
Thermodynamics of FGM: New Approach for Free Energy and the Equilibrium State
At a molecular level this means that the spacing between the polymer chains is greater than it would be if the material was in an equilibrium state
the maximum achievable SOC stock at equilibrium state
under optimal management) and its uncertainty under the representative cropping systems; (2) quantify the relative importance of cropping system and environmental conditions to predict the potential for SOC sequestration; and (3) investigate the uncertainty associated with the prediction of SOC sequestration potential in different agro-ecological zones (AEZs) in the Australian cereal-growing regions.
After this initial step of high dye adsorption rate, the adsorption rate of dyes became slower and the equilibrium state
was reached after 60 min.
2]) is a perturbation over the equilibrium state
This means that even if the state of each computational cell can be associated with the corresponding local equilibrium state
(and, therefore, temperature and entropy can be defined as usual), the state of the whole body is a non-equilibrium one.