swamp fever

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Related to equine infectious anemia: Equine influenza, Equine viral arteritis


leptospirosis (lĕpˌtəspīrōˈsĭs), febrile disease caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospirae. The disease may affect dogs, cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and horses and is also transmissible to humans. It is most common where the climate is warm and humid, soils are alkaline, and there is abundant surface water. The source of infection in farm animals is usually through pastures, drinking water, or feed, when contaminated by infected urine, and is often a work-related risk for farmers, sewer and slaughterhouse workers, and vetinarians. Infection may also occur as a result of contact with infected uterine discharges and aborted fetuses, with infected pets, or with contaminated water while swimming or during persistent flooding. In urban areas human infections may result from contact with rat urine.

In cattle, pigs, sheep, and goats, the disease is characterized by fever, depression, anemia, and abortion. Horses develop an ocular infection. In dogs the disease causes a severe kidney infection. In humans, typical symptoms include a dry cough, fever and chills, head and muscle aches, and nausea and diarrhea. It is treated with chloramphenicol, erythromycin, or other antibiotics; untreated, it may be life-threatening. Control of leptospirosis depends on the elimination of carrier animals, appropriate hygienic measures, and vaccination of susceptible animals.

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swamp fever

[′swämp ‚fē·vər]
(veterinary medicine)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Molecular and biological characterization of equine infectious anemia virus Rev.
Technical and regulatory aspects of equine infectious anemia. Seminar on practical aspects of exotic disease control.
Singh, "Development, evaluation, and laboratory validation of Immunoassays for the diagnosis of equine infectious anemia (EIA) using recombinant protein pro duced from a synthetic p26 gene of EIA virus," Indian Journal of Virology, vol.
Detection of horses infected naturally with equine infectious anemia virus by nested polymerase chain reaction.
RIYADH: The emergence of equine infectious anemia in Spain and Macedonia has prompted Saudi Arabia to temporarily ban equine imports from the two countries to prevent the spread of the disease in the Kingdom.
DANEDREAM and 291 other thoroughbreds stationed at Cologne racecourse have tested negative to Equine Infectious Anemia (swamp fever) but last year's Arc heroine remains unlikely to be able to run in the Japan Cup next month, writes David Conolly-Smith.
Equine infectious anemia is an infectious disease that afflicts horses.
Structural Pathology of gluteus medius from Creole Horses of Venezuelan Plains Naturally Infected by Equine Infectious Anemia Virus
A negative result ensures that a horse does not have equine infectious anemia, a serious, often fatal viral disease for which there is no cure.

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