influenza (EI) is one of the leading respiratory infections of equines
caused by orthomyxo viruses of the genus influenza A virus.
working in ponds having###Yes###63/207 (30.43)###REF
The main objective of the society was to prevent equines
from harsh treatment, he said and added that at present, employees of SPCA were performing duties in different parts of the province.
, large strongyles (red worms or blood worms), small strongyles (small worms), Parascaris equorum (ascarids), Strongyloides westeri, Habronema spp., Draschia spp., Oxyurides (pinworms), Dictyocaluc arnfieldi (lung worms) and Trichostrongylus axei (stomach worms) are responsible for nematodiasis.
"The priority should be on protecting the welfare of Wales' equines
and supporting the industry."
Horses are probably "dead-end" or incidental hosts in the WNV transmission cycle; 10%-20% of the infections result in clinical disease, and the mortality rate in equines
varies from 28% to 45% (9).
Akzo Nobel (Arnhem, Netherlands) has patented an equine
infectious anemia (EIA) vaccine that provides immunity to mammals, especially equines
, from infection with equine
infectious anemia virus (EIAV) and which allows differentiation between vaccinated and non-vaccinated, but exposed, mammals or equines
Thompson first became interested in the syndrome in 1987, when ancient equines
when her 8-year-old horse developed the debilitating disease.
(a) The propensity of equines
to behave in ways that may result in injury, harm, or death to persons on or around them.
During epidemics and epizootics, VEE virus is transmitted rapidly among equines
and from equines
to humans by a variety of mosquito species.
A total of 3456 faecal samples of equines
brought to the mobile clinic of the department of clinical medicine and surgery, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, screened for gastrointestinal tract (GIT) parasitism using standard protocols.