erucic acid


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

erucic acid

[ə′rüs·ik ′as·əd]
(organic chemistry)
C22H42O2 A monoethenoid acid that is the cis isomer of brassidic acid and makes up 40 to 50% of the total fatty acid in rapeseed, wallflower seed, and mustard seed; crystallizes as needles from alcohol solution, insoluble in water, soluble in ethanol and methanol.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Development of ultra-high erucic acid oil in the industrial oil crop Crambe abyssinica.
Erucic acid content in RSM (Table 3) was analyzed on a 7890 Agilent Gas Liquid Chromatograph (Agilent Technologies, Palo Alto, CA, USA) and equipped with flame ionization detector and the column was SP-2560 (i.
compastris (Sarson) greater percentage of palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids is extracted by ethanol as a solvent, while eicosenoic and erucic acids are greater in acetone extract.
Erucic acid is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid, which is present in the oil-rich seeds of the Brassicaceae family of plants, particularly rapeseed and mustard.
But in the 1970s, new strains with lower levels of erucic acid, were developed, along with ways of removing the nasty taste.
Behenic acid is synthesized by hydrogenation of erucic acid, which is further reacted with ammonia to produce behenamide.
Rapeseed-canola is simply transformed form of it with low contents of Erucic acid an unwanted chemical that makes rapeseed misfit to human consumption and as oilseed cake for animals.
It was genetically developed from colza (Brassica napus), which has a low glucosinolate content ([less than or equal to]3 [micro]g/g) and the oil has less than 2% erucic acid (1).
That's partly because the canola plant is derived from rapeseed, which contains a toxic compound called erucic acid and bitter-tasting compounds called glucosinolates.
Evaluation of canola seeds of different cultivars with special emphasis on the quantification of erucic acid and glucosinolates.
Unlike the original rapeseed plant, which is high in erucic acid and linked with heart muscle damage, canola oil comes from seeds low in erucic acid.
Canola oil is said to be healthy, but actually comes from rapeseed, a completely unpalatable seed rich in erucic acid, which is bitter and rather toxic.