erythema (redirected from erythema toxicum)
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erythema (ĕrˌəthēˈmə), more or less diffuse redness of the skin due to concentration of an abnormally large amount of blood within the small vessels of the skin (hyperemia), as in burns. Erythema nodosum is often associated with systemic diseases such as tuberculosis and rheumatic fever. Tender, bright red, slightly elevated nodules develop along the shins. Erythema multiforme can have a number of causes, including viral and bacterial infection, chronic disease of the visceral organs, or allergic reactions to drugs.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
reddening of the skin caused by the dilatation of blood vessels. Erythema sometimes occurs by reflex action and disappears quickly, for example, when one feels ashamed or angry. With inflammation, the condition lasts longer. It appears as a result of exposure to chemicals and physical factors (friction, heat, cold, ultraviolet radiation) and in some infectious diseases (scarlet fever, measles, erythema infectiosum) and skin diseases (dermatitis). It also occurs as a result of poisoning and disturbances in blood circulation.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Localized redness of the skin in areas of variable size.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.