erythromycin


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erythromycin

(ĭrĭth'rōmī`sĭn), any of several related antibiotic drugs produced by bacteria of the genus Streptomyces (see antibioticantibiotic,
any of a variety of substances, usually obtained from microorganisms, that inhibit the growth of or destroy certain other microorganisms. Types of Antibiotics
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). Erythromycin is most effective against gram-positive bacteria such as pneumococci, streptococci, and some staphylococci (see Gram's stainGram's stain,
laboratory staining technique that distinguishes between two groups of bacteria by the identification of differences in the structure of their cell walls. The Gram stain, named after its developer, Danish bacteriologist Christian Gram, has become an important tool
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). The antibiotic also has some effect on gram-negative bacteria and some fungi. Erythromycin inhibits protein synthesis in susceptible microorganisms. It is used to treat such diseases as pneumonia caused by fungi, and streptococcus and syphilis infections, especially where the patient is allergic to penicillin.

Erythromycin

 

a macrolide antibiotic, the chief producer of which is the soil-inhabiting organism Streptomyces erythreus. Erythromycin is active against most grampositive bacteria (such as staphylococci, streptococci, and pneumococci), certain gram-negative bacteria (such as brucellae), rickettsiae, and large viruses. It fights staphylococci that are resistant to penicillin, antibiotics of the tetracycline group, and streptomycin. Erythromycin is used for treating pneumonia and other infectious diseases.

erythromycin

[ə‚rith·rə′mīs·ən]
(microbiology)
A crystalline antibiotic produced by Streptomyces erythreus and used in the treatment of gram-positive bacterial infections.
References in periodicals archive ?
Analyses were extensively adjusted, and the results are in line with anecdotal reports of serious and sometimes lethal statin toxicity in older adults given erythromycin or clarithromycin.
It is likely that interfering with ATP production by diosmetin may stop the function of ATP-dependent MsrA pump and contribute to the mode of action of the synergism with erythromycin against SA-RN4220-pUL5054.
Comparison of disk diffusion and agar dilution methods for erythromycin, ciprofloxacin and tetracycline susceptibility testing of Campylobacter coli and for tetracycline for Campylobacter jejuni subsp.
50] values for erythromycin and telithromycin were 794 and 126 [micro]g/ml and for clarithromycin it was above than the highest level/ concentration tested (119 [micro]g/ml) (Fig.
Resistance profiles to most of the antimicrobial agents were similar for adults and children, but significantly lower rates of resistance in children were noted for erythromycin (58% v.
4% of the erythromycin resistance to be caused by the constitutive [MLS.
There were no significant differences in any level of functional impairment, deaths, behavioral problems, or educational performance between children exposed or not exposed to erythromycin or amoxicillin-clavulanate (Lancet 2008 Sept.
Erythromycin resistance in Group A Streptococcus (GAS) has increased in prevalence over the past several years.
As the number of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections has escalated to epidemic proportions at Texas Children's Hospital, discordance in the bacteria's response to erythromycin and clindamycin has become a red flag for the organism's potential to develop "inducible resistance" to clindamycin, Dr.
Antibiotics commonly used in aquaculture are furazolidone, chloramphenicol, estreptomycin, erythromycin, kanamycin, oxytetracycline, neomycin and oxolinic acid (Benbrook 2002).
Kare Molbak, director of the Department of Epidemiology at the Statens Serum Institut in Copenhagen, examined the clinical effects of human infection with Campylobacter strains resistant to quinolones and erythromycin.
Erythromycin is a popular antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections.