Also, multiple E-sail probes targeted to different destinations can share the same launcher to the initial escape orbit.
An injection from a marginal Earth escape orbit to a Venus transfer orbit requires a 0.
For Mars, the injection from a marginal Earth escape orbit to a Mars transfer orbit requires a 0.
8 km/s of impulsive [DELTA]v and enable a lighter Earth reentry shield because reentry could occur from a marginal Earth escape orbit without hyperbolic excess speed.
As with all E-sail spacecraft, any or all of the probes can be launched with any launcher that reaches an escape orbit.
A chemical rocket is the only known way of lifting a payload rapidly from LEO to a higher or escape orbit.