escarpment


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escarpment

or

scarp,

long cliff, bluff, or steep slope, caused usually by geologic faulting (see faultfault,
in geology, fracture in the earth's crust in which the rock on one side of the fracture has measurable movement in relation to the rock on the other side. Faults on other planets and satellites of the solar system also have been recognized.
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) or by erosion of tilted rock layers. An example of a fault scarp is the north face of the San Jacinto Mts. in California. Examples of erosional escarpments include the Palisades along the Hudson River and the long break separating the coastal region from the inland area in Texas, roughly paralleling the coast.

escarpment

[ə′skärp·mənt]
(geology)
A cliff or steep slope of some extent, generally separating two level or gently sloping areas, and produced by erosion or by faulting. Also known as scarp.
(ordnance)
The ground surrounding a fortified place which has been cut away nearly vertically to prevent an enemy's approach.

escarpment

A steep slope in front of a fortification to impede the approach of an enemy.

escarpment

a. the long continuous steep face of a ridge or plateau formed by erosion; scarp
b. any steep slope, such as one resulting from faulting
References in periodicals archive ?
In exploring the implications of amalgamation on planning for the Niagara Escarpment, few published sources were found.
Here is where slaves ran at night, guided by the escarpment, to the narrowest point in the Niagara River where they could finally swim across the border to their freedom," said Sean.
When we made it through Fat Man's Misery, we had to hike down along a narrow trail skirting the edge of the cliff face before reaching the bottom of the escarpment and the cave entrance.
This flow opposes the South Atlantic high every time it approaches land, and it is above the escarpment that we get very windy conditions starting in the north-west (Kunene) migrating along the convergence line to the south-east (Kalahari).
Named after one of Australia's most endangered bird species, the Alwal or Golden Shouldered Parrot, the park is home to one of the last known populations of the parrot, as well as woodlands, seasonal wetlands, vine thickets and escarpments with significant conservation values.
From the comforts of a washroom-equipped, air-conditioned bus, travellers will take in views of spectacular scenery along the Manitoba Escarpment.
In March 2013, an international team of researchers led by Charlie Paull of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) created the first detailed map of the Campeche Escarpment.
Ontario's 2013 ice wine harvest took place during two time periods: Vineyards at the top of the Niagara escarpment were able to harvest Jan.
WINE OF THE WEEK Escarpment 'Hinemoa' Botryris Riesling 2009 PS10.
During their three-week cruise, they visited part of the continental shelf called the West Florida Escarpment, several canyons in the escarpment and elsewhere, and sites within a few miles of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig.
This move was intended to seize the high ground above Queenston on the Niagara Escarpment and establish a strong fortified position that could be used as a springboard for further military action in the spring of 1813.