eschatology


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Related to eschatology: Dispensationalism

eschatology

the branch of theology or biblical exegesis concerned with the end of the world

Eschatology

 

the religious doctrine of the final destiny of the world and mankind. Individual eschatology, or the doctrine of life after death of the individual human soul, should be distinguished from universal eschatology, which is concerned with the purpose of the cosmos and history, with their end, and with that which comes after their end.

Ancient Egypt played an important part in the development of individual eschatology, and universal eschatology owes much to Judaism, which focuses on a mystical interpretation of history as a rational process directed by the will of a personal god: history, directed by god, must overcome itself in the coming of the “new heaven and new earth.” Individual eschatology becomes a part of universal eschatology, for the coming of “the age to come” will be the time of the resurrection of the righteous.

Christian eschatology grew out of a Judaic eschatology freed of national aspirations and supplemented by classical, Egyptian, and Zoroastrian eschatological motifs. It proceeded from the belief that the eschatological era had already begun with Jesus Christ (the Messiah). With his first coming, history comes to an end only “invisibly” and continues to last, albeit in the shadow of the end; his second coming (when the Messiah is to judge the living and the dead) will make the end a visible reality.

New Testament eschatology expressed itself in complex symbols and parables, eschewing clarity; nevertheless, the medieval consciousness created a detailed picture of the afterworld, as reflected in countless apocryphal stories and “visions.” On the level of graphically apprehended myths, eschatological motifs are often shared by different religions, such as Islam and Catholicism. With the onset of the age of capitalism, some of the functions, motifs, and themes of eschatology were taken over by the ideology of utopia.

REFERENCES

Dieterich, A. Nekyia. Leipzig, 1893.
Bultmann, R. History and Eschatology. Edinburgh, 1957.

S. S. AVERINTSEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, it is not surprising that Aidan Nichols, in his introductory note in Eschatology, pointed to Augustine's City of God and its fourth-century reinterpretation of the millennial reign of Christ expressed in the Book of Revelation as a primary influence on Ratzinger and his understanding of the reign of God.
Eschatology is situated within history rather than at the end of history, and this transposition of the battle of traditional apocalyptic eschatology into the worldly realm is what gives Jeanne motivation at the dramas end to vow resistance to the English invaders.
Part 3 investigates the historical and theological backdrop of dispensational premillennialism, critically probing the impact of its pessimistic and escapist eschatology upon ecological issues.
Eschatology means last things, such as the return of Christ, resurrection, last judgment, heaven and hell.
7) For as much as this controversy on the intermediate state rages, it seems odd that various studies of Balthasar's eschatology have not highlighted the way Balthasar approaches the topic.
There is undoubtedly a certain illogic in the study or logos of eschatology in that it attempts to describe what is not yet present.
My original plan had been to write a book on eschatology in general, but I soon realized that it was impossible to embrace the topic in one book.
I find it ironic that such conservative eschatology leads to exactly the same place that conservationism leads: to the belief that we are, in some manner, living in the end times.
Such linkages form a personal eschatology for the former altar boy and invite viewers to be exegetes of the transmutation of flesh into spirit, spirit into flesh.
These churches stress a strong evangelical commitment, a fundamental theology, and the pre-millennial position in eschatology.
Another important study of the theological implications of Ficino's Platonism is Jorg Lauster's analysis of his views on sin, Christology, the ascent to God, and eschatology.
This is anti-historical or cosmic eschatology, and it offers a very different kind of expectation or hope.