Intubation

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intubation

[‚in‚tü′bā·shən]
(medicine)
The introduction of a tube into a hollow organ to keep it open, especially into the larynx to ensure the passage of air.

Intubation

 

the introduction of a special tube into the larynx through the mouth for the purpose of eliminating respiratory disruption in burns, certain traumas, severe spasms of the larynx, laryngeal diphtheria, and acute, rapidly resolvable (for example, allergic) laryngeal edemas. Intubation may sometimes replace tracheotomy. In order to avoid the danger of asphyxiation, the tube is usually withdrawn and the patient transfers to normal respiration.

References in periodicals archive ?
N = 537 n (%) At least one complication 126 (23.5) Hypoxemia 25 (4.7) Esophageal intubation with delayed recognition 9 (1.7) Cardiac arrest immediately after ETI attempt 17 (3.2) Recorded regurgitation 27 (5.0) ETI failure rescued by emergency surgical airway 7 (1.3) Dental trauma 8 (1.5) Cuff leak requiring reintubation 5 (0.9) Mainstem bronchus intubation 46 (8.6) Data are expressed as n (%).
Esophageal intubation occurred in one patient and remained undetected for longer than 6 rain (Mackenzie, Martin, Xiao, & the LOTAS Group, 1996).
The PTQ included the comment "would not attempt intubation and poor drug absorption with poor circulation." The PTQ completed on the patient with the esophageal intubation (described earlier) included the comment, "in retrospect would rely on clinical signs of oxygenation rather than monitoring" (Table 1, Case 4).
In an effort to reduce the risk of esophageal intubation, many clinical organizations now recommend ETC[O.sub.2] detection for verifying proper endotracheal tube placement.
* Inadvertent esophageal intubation due to thick scar tissue may obscure light and limit tracheal visibility.