esotropia


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esotropia

[‚es·ə′trō·pē·ə]
(medicine)
Convergent strabismus, occurring when one eye fixes upon an object and the other deviates inward. Also known as cross-eye.
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Latent nystagmus seems inextricably linked to infantile esotropia, development of motion sensitivity and binocularity.
For the primary care optometrist the only aetiology that they may be able to manage in this age group is a purely refractive esotropia, so a cycloplegic refraction is important.
In esotropia, the optometrist should look for hypermetropia, including a cycloplegic refraction.
Most cases are unilateral esotropia and there are often deeply engrained sensory adaptations that have caused some authors to describe this as a 'fully adapted squint'.
As noted earlier in this article, when esotropia is found then hypermetropia must be suspected and a cycloplegic refraction is indicated.
Which of the following is the MOST accurate description of typical infantile esotropia syndrome?
Constant large angle esotropia with an age of onset before one year