espalier


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espalier

(ĕspăl`yər), trellis or lattice used in horticulture for training a tree or vine flat against a wall, either for ornament or to fit it into a small space, allowing it to get a maximum of air and sun and bringing the fruit within easy reach for gathering. The plant, often an apple or pear tree, may be trained into various shapes, such as a fan or a fork. The term is more commonly used for the tree or vine so trained.

Espalier

 

a method of crop cultivation by which the above-ground portion of the plant is attached to some type of support, or espalier (poles, stakes, trellises made from rods, walls, or frames with several rows of wire or cord stretched across them). This method of cultivation is used for grapevines, fruit trees, berry shrubs, vegetable crops, and ornamental plants.

espalier

1. A trelliswork of various forms on which the branches of fruit trees or fruit bushes are extended horizontally, in fan shape, etc., in a single plane, to secure a freer circulation of air for the plant and better exposure to the sun.
2. A tree or plant so grown.

espalier

1. an ornamental shrub or fruit tree that has been trained to grow flat, as against a wall
2. the trellis, framework, or arrangement of stakes on which such plants are trained
3. the method used to produce such plants
References in periodicals archive ?
Espalier is a fun, artistic endeavor, but it is not low maintenance.
Topics in classes and demonstrations include the uses of espalier fruit trees, fruit growing in small spaces, selection of appropriate varieties, how to train and care for trees, pruning for harvest quality and quantity and different forms and methods for training.
That's because espalier offers a number of rewards that 21st-century gardeners can reap.
Espalier, the fine art of the western horticultural world, is a method of training the branches of trees to form elegant, two-dimensional patterns.
Espalier (ess-pal-yay) is a practice that involves growing fruit trees in a flat plane against walls or fences.
She went, however; and when they reached the farm, and she was to be put down, at the end of the broad, neat gravel-walk, which led between espalier apple-trees to the front door, the sight of every tiling which had given her so much pleasure the autumn before, was beginning to revive a little local agitation.
There are lots of easy-to-follow books on espalier, and there is much available on the web.
This maximization of sunlight makes espalier orchards especially popular in areas where sunlight is in short supply.
The espalier begins its training as a one-year-old tree or shrub with no developed lateral shoots at its base.
It's available as a compact upright tree or in an espalier form that can be trained against a wall or fence.
Some varieties lend themselves to topiary sculpture, espalier, or bonsai training.
He practices the old art of espalier (es-Pal-yay) - training dwarf species to grow in flat, two-dimensional forms, usually against fences and walls.