espalier


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

espalier

(ĕspăl`yər), trellis or lattice used in horticulture for training a tree or vine flat against a wall, either for ornament or to fit it into a small space, allowing it to get a maximum of air and sun and bringing the fruit within easy reach for gathering. The plant, often an apple or pear tree, may be trained into various shapes, such as a fan or a fork. The term is more commonly used for the tree or vine so trained.

Espalier

 

a method of crop cultivation by which the above-ground portion of the plant is attached to some type of support, or espalier (poles, stakes, trellises made from rods, walls, or frames with several rows of wire or cord stretched across them). This method of cultivation is used for grapevines, fruit trees, berry shrubs, vegetable crops, and ornamental plants.

espalier

1. A trelliswork of various forms on which the branches of fruit trees or fruit bushes are extended horizontally, in fan shape, etc., in a single plane, to secure a freer circulation of air for the plant and better exposure to the sun.
2. A tree or plant so grown.

espalier

1. an ornamental shrub or fruit tree that has been trained to grow flat, as against a wall
2. the trellis, framework, or arrangement of stakes on which such plants are trained
3. the method used to produce such plants
References in periodicals archive ?
All the fancy espalier patterns that have evolved over the centuries are just variations on this principle.
The taller ones make handsome hedges; smaller ones (mostly sasanquas) can be trained as espaliers or grown in pots.
Summer pruning controls the amount of growth produced each year and maintains the espalier shape.
congestus is even smaller: growing to about 3 feet, it can be potted up and trained against a wooden lattice to make a tabletop espalier for a patio.
The main framework of the lime trees has been trained into a similar shape to the espalier fruit trees which can be seen on the walls in other parts of the garden.
There are espalier apple trees more than 100 years old, a Mediterranean border and pond, herbaceous borders and beds, a gold and silver border, circular pool and a re-creation of a 1671 knot garden.
That's pretty much the way you make an espalier (a tree or shrub trained flat): prune away everything that doesn't grow in the plane you've selected.
EXPERT'S TIP: A tree will give the best yield but if you are short of j space, grow one as an espalier, either on a wall or as a screen.
PRUNE cordon and espalier trained apples and pears so that more light and air reaches the crop.
On the garden walls at Erddig we have many espalier trained trees, a centre stem with horizontal arms of branches trained to left and right.
To make the espalier shown here, Bill Tufenkian of Los Angeles planted two 4-inch regals in a gallon container.