espalier


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espalier

(ĕspăl`yər), trellis or lattice used in horticulture for training a tree or vine flat against a wall, either for ornament or to fit it into a small space, allowing it to get a maximum of air and sun and bringing the fruit within easy reach for gathering. The plant, often an apple or pear tree, may be trained into various shapes, such as a fan or a fork. The term is more commonly used for the tree or vine so trained.

Espalier

 

a method of crop cultivation by which the above-ground portion of the plant is attached to some type of support, or espalier (poles, stakes, trellises made from rods, walls, or frames with several rows of wire or cord stretched across them). This method of cultivation is used for grapevines, fruit trees, berry shrubs, vegetable crops, and ornamental plants.

espalier

1. A trelliswork of various forms on which the branches of fruit trees or fruit bushes are extended horizontally, in fan shape, etc., in a single plane, to secure a freer circulation of air for the plant and better exposure to the sun.
2. A tree or plant so grown.

espalier

1. an ornamental shrub or fruit tree that has been trained to grow flat, as against a wall
2. the trellis, framework, or arrangement of stakes on which such plants are trained
3. the method used to produce such plants
References in periodicals archive ?
The event features classes and demonstrations on Espalier, the ancient horticultural technique of training fruit trees and grapes to grow flattened in two dimensions.
That's because espalier offers a number of rewards that 21st-century gardeners can reap.
Espalier, the fine art of the western horticultural world, is a method of training the branches of trees to form elegant, two-dimensional patterns.
She went, however; and when they reached the farm, and she was to be put down, at the end of the broad, neat gravel-walk, which led between espalier apple-trees to the front door, the sight of every tiling which had given her so much pleasure the autumn before, was beginning to revive a little local agitation.
My espaliered orchard had two early varieties, two mid-season varieties, two late-season varieties, four storage apples, and two more just for fun; all taking up only 25 feet of space.
This maximization of sunlight makes espalier orchards especially popular in areas where sunlight is in short supply.
The espalier begins its training as a one-year-old tree or shrub with no developed lateral shoots at its base.
It's available as a compact upright tree or in an espalier form that can be trained against a wall or fence.
Along with pear trees, apple trees are the traditional espalier subject because their spurs live for years producing fruit.
To espalier (pronounced ess-PAL-yay) a tree is to train it to grow flat against a support of some kind -- a wall, fence or wires.
| Finish pruning apple trees that are fan, cordon or espalier. | Look after pond life - keep water levels topped up, remove blanket weed (right) and cut back yellow foliage on pond plants.