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city (1990 pop. 9,643), seat of Hempstead co., SW Ark. Hope is a commercial center and a distribution point for an agricultural region. Its industries include food processing, printing, and the making of machinery and apparel. The city was the boyhood home of President Bill Clinton.


See also Optimism.
Hopelessness (See DESPAIR.)
emblem of optimism; steadfastly secured the soul in adversity. [N.T.: Hebrews, 6:18–19]
traditional representation of hope. [Flower Symbol-ism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
Emigrants, The
shows Norwegians in Dakota wheatlands striving for better life. [Nor. Lit.: The Emigrants, Magill I, 244–246]
flowering almond
symbol of spring; blooms in winter. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 71]
Great Pumpkin, the
awaited each Halloween by Linus. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Home, 542]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
Iceman Cometh, The
“The lie of the pipe dream is what gives life.” [Am. Lit.: The Iceman Cometh]
Of Mice and Men
portrays a philosophy that humans are made of hopes and dreams. [Am. Lit.: Of Mice and Men]
God’s assurance He would not send another great flood. [O.T.: Genesis, 9:12–16]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177; Kunz, 326]


1. Anthony, real name Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins. 1863--1933, English novelist; author of The Prisoner of Zenda (1894)
2. Bob, real name Leslie Townes Hope. 1903--2003, US comedian and comic actor, born in England. His films include The Cat and the Canary (1939), Road to Morocco (1942), and The Paleface (1947). He was awarded an honorary knighthood in 1998
3. David (Michael). born 1940, British churchman, Archbishop of York from 1995


A functional programming language designed by R.M. Burstall, D.B. MacQueen and D.T. Sanella at University of Edinburgh in 1978. It is a large language supporting user-defined prefix, infix or distfix operators. Hope has polymorphic typing and allows overloading of operators which requires explicit type declarations. Hope has lazy lists and was the first language to use call-by-pattern.

It has been ported to Unix, Macintosh, and IBM PC.

See also Hope+, Hope+C, Massey Hope, Concurrent Massey Hope.


[R.M.Burstall, D.B.MacQueen, D.T.Sanella, "HOPE: An experimental applicative language", Proc. 1980 Lisp conf., Stanford, CA, p.136-143, Aug 1980].

["A HOPE Tutorial", R. Bailey, BYTE Aug 1985, pp.235-258].

["Functional Programming with Hope", R. Bailey, Ellis Horwood 1990].
References in periodicals archive ?
The Tunisian Football Federation and the country's ambassador to Egypt apologized for the violent acts of some Esperance fans on Tuesday.
Ahly laid siege to Esperance area but barely found spaces to create goalscoring opportunities, with the likes of Mohamed Barakat and Mohamed Abou-Treika struggling to feed the strikers.
CONTACT: Sarah Cavanaugh, MacDougall Biomedical Communications for Esperance Pharmaceuticals, +1-781-235-3060, scavanaugh@macbiocom.
The club does not mean to complain against Esperance but it just wants to set the alarm bells ringing to underline the importance of tackling the problem of football hooliganism.
Influential left back Sayyed Moawad has been ruled out of the Esperance encounter with a hamstring strain.
Esperance pulled a goal back five minutes later through skipper Oussema Darragi, who smashed home from inside the 18-yard box after Ahly defense failed to clear a free kick.
According to police, the Esperance fans started attacking the civil defense officers.
But it is still tight in the other group as Mazembe and Esperance are both tied at 10 points before the final round.
A new State Government agreement with air services provider Regional Express (Rex) will respectively deliver a 53 per cent and 38 per cent increase in the number of weekly flights available to the major regional centres of Albany and Esperance.
TUNIS (TAP) - Etoile du Sahel beat Esperance de Tunis (2-1) at an African Confederation Football Cup (CAF) (Group A) day-6 match played Saturday evening in Sousse Olympic Stadium.
24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Esperance Pharmaceuticals Inc.
West Australian victim of a shark attack has arrived in Perth for treatment after losing both his hands in a shark attack while surfing 700km away off the coastal town of Esperance, the Australian reports