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Spasmodic winking due to spasms of the orbicular muscle of the eyelid.



contraction of the orbicular muscle of the eye, leading to the persistent spasmodic closing of the lids. Blepharospasm occurs with acute diseases of the eye, trauma to the eye, and sometimes with hysteria and traumatic neurosis. Treatment involves removing the cause which led to the disorder.

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Quantitative changes in botulinum toxin a treatment over time in patients with essential blepharospasm and idiopathic hemifacial spasm.
Bruce, former president of the Benign Essential Blepharospasm Research Foundation, Inc.
Blepharospasm, also referred to as benign essential blepharospasm, is a rare condition that possibly goes undiagnosed or misdiagnosed.
July 22, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Merz Pharmaceuticals, LLC, commends the Benign Essential Blepharospasm Research Foundation (BEBRF) for 30 years of dedication to increasing awareness of blepharospasm, a neurological disorder that causes abnormal, involuntary spasms of the muscles around the eye, and raising funds for research.

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