essentialism

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essentialism

the view that philosophy or science is able to reach and represent absolute TRUTH(S), e.g. the necessary or essential properties, or ‘essences’, of objects. PLATO's theory of ideal forms is an example of essentialism.

Today the term is often a negative one, used by philosophers who oppose essentialism and emphasize the provisional or conventional nature of knowledge (see also CONVENTIONALISM, NOMINALISM, OPERATIONALISM OR OPERATIONISM, RELATIVISM, POSTEMPIRICISM, DECONSTRUCTION, REALISM).

References in periodicals archive ?
He talks about the underlying principles that guide the mindset of an essentialist.
Essentialists venerate a pantheon of heroes; organicists emphasize "forced" and "forgotten" founders, telling their stories, resurrecting their perspectives, and lauding their contributions.
1) This focus on the nature of the human person, rooted as it is in the Christian appropriation of Hellenistic philosophical traditions, can rightly be described as essentialist.
In 'Causal Structuralism, Dispositional Actualism, and Counterfactual Conditionals', Anthony Eagle argues that dispositional essentialists fail to show an essential link between dispositions and counterfactual conditionals expressing essential causal powers.
t)he Essentialists argued in favor of teachers teaching an organized curriculum to all students, the necessity for a reasonable degree of system in the organization of curriculum, sound teacher education, and the desirability for teachers to teach a body of core democratic principles to each generation of young Americans.
Essentialist sexual scripting has interpenetrated the structural composition of the sociocultural environment so profoundly that it has led to the covert (and not so long ago overt) suppression of female sexuality with essentialists ascribing such scripting to some naturally ordained reality that is supposed to naturally exist out there (D'Emilio & Freedman, 1997; Gross, 1992; White, 1996).
But I never asserted anything so extreme or essentialist.
Unlike Kirsch, however, McAlindon sensibly refuses to grind the polemical axe, and he avoids the pitfalls of a sterile debate between essentialists and relativists by a shrewd ackmowledgement of the plays' embeddedness in contemporary English history.
Locke's advice to racial and cultural essentialists regardless of their color was quite direct: ".
The passion, energy and innovative thinking of our Essentialists make Trissential a truly great place to work," said Michael Vinje, principal and co-founder of Trissential.
So the essentialists were right after all, one might conclude on learning that in many species there's evidence of sexual orientation and even same-sex pair-bonding.
Our Essentialists are passionate about the Essential Business Model - Trissential's unique approach to improvement in the areas of strategy, management and execution," said Michael Vinje, who along with Keith Korsi is a cofounder of Trissential.