(redirected from est.)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


(ĕs`tər), book of the Bible. It is the tale of the beautiful Jewish woman Esther [Heb.,= Hadassah], who is chosen as queen by the Persian King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I or II) after he has repudiated his previous wife, Vashti. It tells how the wicked courtier Haman attempted to bring about the massacre of the Jews and how Esther and her cousin Mordecai thwarted him. Haman was hanged, and Mordecai became the king's chief minister. The feast of PurimPurim
[Heb.,=lots], Jewish festival celebrated on the 14th of Adar, the twelfth month in the Jewish calendar (Feb.–March). During leap years it is celebrated in Adar II. According to the book of Esther (Esther 3.7; 9.
..... Click the link for more information.
 commemorates this deliverance of the Jews, and is perhaps the reason for its inclusion in the canon of the Hebrew Bible. Extant Hebrew versions are different from those surviving in Greek. These latter are longer by several chapters, and are included in the ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
..... Click the link for more information.
 as the "Additions to Esther." These additions were collected at the end of the book by Jerome for his edition of the Latin Bible (the Vulgate). The Hebrew version of the book, unlike the Greek, contains no mention of God. The Greek version is somewhat more anti-Gentile in sentiment than the Hebrew. Some critics date the book as late as 150 B.C. It is the only book of the Hebrew canon not represented among the Dead Sea Scrolls.


See C. A. Moore, Esther (1971); D. J. A. Clines, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther (1984). See also bibliography under Old TestamentOld Testament,
Christian name for the Hebrew Bible, which serves as the first division of the Christian Bible (see New Testament). The designations "Old" and "New" seem to have been adopted after c.A.D.
..... Click the link for more information.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Esther, asteroid 622 (the 622nd asteroid to be discovered, on November 13, 1906), is approximately 28 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 3.8 years. It was named after the biblical heroine Esther, whose name was Persian for “star” or “Venus.” Queen Esther, herself a Jew, intervened to prevent a genocidal campaign against the Jewish people. Like its namesake, the asteroid represents opposition to genocide and a kind of “rescuer” impulse. In a natal chart, its location by sign and house indicates where and how one is most likely to be a “rescuer.” When afflicted by inharmonious aspects, Esther may show a rescuer complex—an individual who engages in rescue behavior for self-aggrandizement. If prominent in a chart (e.g., conjunct the Sun or the ascendant), it may show an individual who becomes involved in a rescue-related career or in a humanitarian group like Amnesty International.


Kowal, Charles T. Asteroids: Their Nature and Utilization. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Ellis Horwood Limited, 1988.
Room, Adrian. Dictionary of Astronomical Names. London: Routledge, 1988.
Schwartz, Jacob. Asteroid Name Encyclopedia. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1995.
The Astrology Book, Second Edition © 2003 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.


Old Testament
1. a beautiful Jewish woman who became queen of Persia and saved her people from massacre
2. the book in which this episode is recounted
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Vintage toys will include an extremely rare 1930 American National Packard toy car (est. $7,500-$10,000); a mechanically intriguing and all-original Buddy L trench digger (est.
Gross external debt###$19.45 billion (31 Dec 2009 est.)
In the first case, a discount was permitted due to the consideration of a future tax detriment or benefit to the estate's assets (e.g., a discount for the built-in gain tax for stock in a closely held corporation that held appreciated assets); see, e.g., Est. of Smith, 198 F3d 515 (5th Cir.
The Ninth Circuit addressed one such situation in Est. of Sansone, (35) in which the decedent transferred assets to the surviving spouse for life, with the remainder to charity.
Thompson follows on the heels of Est. of Harper, TC Memo 2002-121 (and its predecessors, Est.
In Est. of Bonner,(20) the decedent died owning a 62.5% undivided interest in Texas real estate and 50% undivided interests in New Mexico real estate and a yacht.
In Est. of Winkler, TC Memo 1989-231, a decedent owned 10% (8,000 shares) of voting common and 1% (7,600 shares) of nonvoting common stock.
In Est. of Tiffany,(10) the Tax Court stated that Regs.
In a muddled plurality (4-3-2) opinion that settles little, the Supreme Court affirmed the Tax Court's and Eleventh Circuit's decisions in Est. of Hubert.(9) The Court held that the estate did not have to reduce its marital or charitable deduction by the administrative expenses paid from income generated by assets allocated to those bequests.