[10 11] Atracurium was preferred due to its alternate metabolic pathways; Hoffmann degradation and ester hydrolysis
. Mivacurium and Cis -atracurium are other safer alternatives due to their similar metabolic pathways.
Lipases have the capability to mediate reactions in organic solvents as they possess low water activity that tends to precede the reacting molecules for synthesis rather towards ester hydrolysis
(Gumel et al.
A substantial weight percent of the latent print residue is attributed to lipid components and lipids are susceptible to ester hydrolysis
. Knowing the composition and spatial distribution of the contaminating fingerprint residue on touch screen surfaces, Reactive Surfaces engineered these additives and developed these coatings as a useful counter strategy.
Very high alkaline dosage at boil may weaken polyester part due to ester hydrolysis
definished fabric and confirm removal status of silicone.
Russell, "A comparison of lipase-catalyzed ester hydrolysis
in reverse micelles, organic solvents, and biphasic systems," Biotechnology and Bioengineering, vol.
Low acceleration effects of only a few percentage points caused by ultrasound have been reported for some ester hydrolysis
reactions in water-organic solvents, thus temperature control is decisive in correct kinetic investigations of sonication effects .
In this report we have set out a broader investigation into hydrophobic effects of aliphatic alcohols as co-solvents on ester hydrolysis
in water, and studied the neutral hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenyl chloroacetate in the presence of small amounts of alcohols.
Therefore, another factor must predominate over equatorial-axial effects in cycloaliphatic ester hydrolysis
. It is clear that the steric effects of an individual ester moiety among the monomeric units are similar in most conformations.
Gilliland, Structure (1.3 [Angstrom]) and Charge States of a Ribonuclease A-Uridine Vanadate Complex: Implications for the Phosphate Ester Hydrolysis
This acid further catalyzes ester hydrolysis
. This reaction then becomes autocatalytic.