tarragon

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tarragon

tarragon (târˈəgŏn), perennial aromatic Old World herb (Artemisia dracunculus) of the family Asteraceae (aster family), of the same genus as wormwood and sagebrush. It has long been cultivated in Europe and W Asia for its leaves, used for flavoring vinegar, salads, sauces, soups, and pickles. Its essential oil, sometimes called estragon, is occasionally used in perfume or, in the Old World, medicinally to stimulate appetite or as a diuretic. Tarragon is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.

Tarragona

Tarragona (tär-rəgōˈnə), city (1990 pop. 112,360), capital of Tarragona prov., NE Spain, in Catalonia, on the Mediterranean Sea at the mouth of the Francolí River. A port and commercial center, it has an oil refinery, flour mills, and a large wine export. Some of Spain's finest wines are made in the nearby Priorat (Span. Priorato) region.

An Iberian town, ancient Tarraco was captured (218 B.C.) by the Romans in the Second Punic War, and was fortified by them against Carthage. Augustus made it the capital of the vast province of Tarraconensis. It became a flourishing commercial center; among the Roman remains are ruins of its walls and an aqueduct. Having fallen to the Visigoths (5th cent.) and the Moors (8th cent.), Tarragona was recovered in the early 12th cent. by Christian Spain, but it declined when its trade was captured by Barcelona and Valencia. The construction of a modern port gave it new importance.

The imposing Romanesque-Gothic cathedral has one of Spain's finest cloisters (13th cent.). Near it are the archiepiscopal palace and the archaeological museum. The Carthusian monks expelled (1903) from La Grande Chartreuse in France settled in the city and still produce their famous liqueur. There is a pontifical university in Tarragona.

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tarragon

tarragon

Slender branched stems with very thin silvery leaves. Cluster of small yellow-green flowers. French Tarragon rarely has flowers. Soup flavoring. Used to thin blood, Insomnia, nausea, hiccups, hyperactivity, stimulates appetite, helps digestion, especially oily foods. Smells a little like anise, tastes like licorice. Also used to expel worms. Bugs and pests hate it’s smell, so it’s good to grow together with other plants in a garden.Do not use if pregnant (uterine stimulant)
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tarragon

 

the foliage of Artemisia dracunculus. It is used as an herb, especially in Transcaucasia.


Tarragon

 

(Artemisia dracunculus), a perennial plant of the family Compositae. The herbaceous stem is 60–125 cm tall. The leaves are lanceolate-linear, and the white flowers are in round heads.

Tarragon is native to Mongolia and Southern Siberia. It is also distributed in Asia Minor, Middle Asia, Mongolia, North China, and North America. The plant is cultivated in Iran, India, the USA, Brazil, Sri Lanka, Great Britain, the Federal Republic of Germany, Hungary, Bulgaria, and the USSR (in Transcaucasia). The aromatic leaves are used as salad greens and as condiments or seasonings. They are also used for pickling vegetables.

Tarragon requires fertile soils. The seedlings are planted in open ground and spaced about 25 cm apart. In the south tarragon overwinters well in open ground; in the north it is covered with humus. Tarragon can be cultivated on the same plot for ten to 15 years.

REFERENCE

Kapelev, I. G., and V. I. Mashanov. Prianoaromaticheskie rasteniia. Simferopol’, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

tarragon

[′tar·ə‚gän]
(food engineering)
A herb prepared from the pungent leaves of the tarragon tree (Artemisia dracunculus).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

tarragon

1. an aromatic perennial plant, Artemisia dracunculus, of the Old World, having whitish flowers and small toothed leaves, which are used as seasoning: family Asteraceae (composites)
2. the leaves of this plant
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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"We're still active, but, like Vladimir and Estragon, we know about aches and pains!" Stewart adds: "Ian and I are both Northerners, separated only by the Pennines, and I think there's another element there that gives us a shared understanding for the play." Since Godot's British premiere in 1955, which led Harold Hobson, a drama critic of the Sunday Times, to call it "the most unforgettable and important" night of his theatergoing life, the play has been staged in more than 100 countries.
Estragon's unconsciously-uttered statements have a close connection with their previous social life and identity:
Estragon (Richard Heap) and Vladimir (Peter Cadden) swap philosophies, criticisms and insults as they wait for the enigmatic Godot.
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In this regard it is worth revisiting the conversation of Vladimir and Estragon who engage in pointless conversation with Pozzo and Lucky periodically turning up to inform the two protagonists that Godot will come tomorrow, but Godot never shows up.
Often compared to "a piece of jazz music, to which everyone must listen for whatever one may find in it" (Esslin, xv), in En Attendant Godot Beckett sketches the portraits of two tramps, named Vladimir and Estragon, who are waiting in an open road for a mysterious personage, Godot.
"Where do you go from here?" the immortal words of the two geezers - Estragon and Vladimir - the main characters of Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot, perhaps best describe the play that cannot be defined in one simple explanation.
In "Waiting for Godot," the friendship between Vladimir (Stewart) and Estragon (McKellen) is the only thing that's keeping Western civilization from sinking back into the primordial mud.
McKellen playe a d Estragon and Stewart Vladimir in Waiting for Godot at the Theatre Royal in London's West End four years ago.