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ETA

Euzkadi ta Askatsuna: an organization of militant Basque nationalists attempting to gain independence for the Basques, esp those ruled by Spain, until a cease-fire in 1998, by means of guerrilla warfare

eta

(η) The seventh letter of the Greek alphabet, used in stellar nomenclature usually to designate the seventh-brightest star in a constellation or sometimes to indicate a star's position in a group.

Eta

 

an outcast class in feudal Japan. The term “eta” is also applied to a member of the class.

The eta caste arose between the fourth and seventh centuries, when Buddhism was spreading throughout the country and the feudal system was taking root. The eta engaged in occupations considered unclean in Buddhism, such as the slaughtering and skinning of animals and the tanning of hides. They had no rights whatsoever, and all spheres of their life were strictly regulated. They could live only in specified areas or hamlets (buraku) and were forbidden to marry members of other classes.

In 1871 the caste was formally abolished, and the eta were incorporated into the third caste as shinheimin (new commoners). Discrimination against them continued, however. In 1922 the Suiheisha (Society for the Equalization of Rights) was founded to fight inequality in various spheres of life, such as the choice of an occupation. The society established contact with other democratic organizations. The Buraku Kaihoodoomei (League for the Liberation of the Buraku), which was founded in 1946, fights discrimination and works for improvement in the living standards of the descendants of the eta.

ETA

References in periodicals archive ?
This ETA will bring wide area network (WAN) connectivity from the Defense Information Systems Network (DISN) to five major DON nodes in the Atlantic and Pacific areas of responsibility.
By achieving efficiencies in the DISN's subscription services and minimizing NGEN's circuit costs, the ETA will improve quality of service for warfighters and reduce costs for the DON.
The Wide Area Network and Enterprise Services ETA consists of various IT assets that will directly replace and refresh existing Marine Corps Enterprise Network (MCEN) infrastructure items for approximately 30,000 users.
Motorola's strong worldwide market presence and reputation in the automotive industry complement ETAS' automotive experience and integrated tool chain," said Manfred Schon, president ETAS Inc.
ETAS provides flexible, open, integrated systems and services that assist in every phase of embedded control systems development, from design and rapid prototyping to system test and in-vehicle calibration.
The eta was launched in 1983 to meet the education needs of fitness practitioners in South Africa.
An additional benefit is that students improve their own fitness while learning with eta.