ethane


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ethane

(ĕth`ān), CH3CH3, gaseous hydrocarbon. It is a continuous-chain alkanealkane
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain only single bonds (see chemical bond). Alkanes have the general chemical formula CnH2n+2.
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. As a constituent of natural gas, it is used for fuel. It can be prepared by cracking and fractional distillation of petroleum.

Ethane

 

CH3—CH3, a saturated hydrocarbon that takes the form of a colorless, odorless, flammable gas.

Ethane has a melting point of – 183.27°C and a boiling point of – 88.63°C. The explosive limits of ethane in air are 3 and 12 percent by volume.

Ethane is formed in the dry distillation of coal and in the refining of petroleum (seePETROLEUM REFINING GASES). It is found in natural gas (though in far smaller proportions than methane) and in petroleum by-product gases. Ethane is industrially separated from these gases and used (generally in a mixture with propane) for the production of ethylene and ethyl chloride. The chlorination, nitration, and oxidation of ethane yield compounds that are used in industrial organic synthesis.

ethane

[′eth‚ān]
(organic chemistry)
CH3CH3 A colorless, odorless gas belonging to the alkane series of hydrocarbons, with freezing point of -183.3°C and boiling point of -88.6°C; used as a fuel and refrigerant and for organic synthesis.

ethane

a colourless odourless flammable gaseous alkane obtained from natural gas and petroleum: used as a fuel and in the manufacture of organic chemicals. Formula: C2H6
References in periodicals archive ?
(Sabic), which is majority state-owned and a global leader in petrochemicals production, is optimistic it will get its hands on more ethane.
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The objective of Dow Chemical Company's is to improve the plant ethane flexibility by taking advantage of low-cost feedstock, including brownfield additions and retrofit modifications.
In addition, the Company is assessing the possibility of setting up a petrochemical complex for converting ethane into polymer products in the Astrakhan Region.
In conjunction, the expanded capabilities in ATEX ethane pipeline would be in service by 2022, added the company.
Ethane Market is prognosticated to expand favorably at a striking 6.14% CAGR over the predicted years (2016-2023).
MOL of Japan and a strategic minority investor have signed binding definitive agreements for an investment in the six special purpose limited liability companies each owning a very large ethane carrier.
With a share of up to ten percent, ethane is the second most common component of natural gas and is present in deep-seated land and marine gas deposits all around the world.
International Resource News-June 5, 2018--Bayport Polymers announces ground-breaking ceremony for construction of new ethane cracker at Total Port Arthur Refinery
The Petrochemicals Complex will include an ethane cracker with a capacity of more than 1.6 million tons per annum (MTPA) of Ethylene, making it the largest ethane cracker in the Middle East, and one of the largest in the world.
Summary: The partial oxidation of ethane to acetic acid on a multi-component Mo16V6.37Nb2.05Pdx oxide catalyst supported on Degussa P25 titania has been investigated.
In this study, we investigate multiphase flow phenomena in fine-grained rocks by measuring effective permeability of a suite of shale samples to gaseous ethane over a range of pore pressures up to the saturated vapour pressure (3.59 MPa at 18[degrees]C).