ethane


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

ethane

(ĕth`ān), CH3CH3, gaseous hydrocarbon. It is a continuous-chain alkanealkane
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain only single bonds (see chemical bond). Alkanes have the general chemical formula CnH2n+2.
..... Click the link for more information.
. As a constituent of natural gas, it is used for fuel. It can be prepared by cracking and fractional distillation of petroleum.

Ethane

 

CH3—CH3, a saturated hydrocarbon that takes the form of a colorless, odorless, flammable gas.

Ethane has a melting point of – 183.27°C and a boiling point of – 88.63°C. The explosive limits of ethane in air are 3 and 12 percent by volume.

Ethane is formed in the dry distillation of coal and in the refining of petroleum (seePETROLEUM REFINING GASES). It is found in natural gas (though in far smaller proportions than methane) and in petroleum by-product gases. Ethane is industrially separated from these gases and used (generally in a mixture with propane) for the production of ethylene and ethyl chloride. The chlorination, nitration, and oxidation of ethane yield compounds that are used in industrial organic synthesis.

ethane

[′eth‚ān]
(organic chemistry)
CH3CH3 A colorless, odorless gas belonging to the alkane series of hydrocarbons, with freezing point of -183.3°C and boiling point of -88.6°C; used as a fuel and refrigerant and for organic synthesis.

ethane

a colourless odourless flammable gaseous alkane obtained from natural gas and petroleum: used as a fuel and in the manufacture of organic chemicals. Formula: C2H6
References in periodicals archive ?
To avoid complete oxidation of ethane, oxygen is added in small percentage.
Demonstrate the economic potential of a subterranean ethane storage and distribution hub,
Initially, the Falcon's pipeline capacity is expected to be about 107,000 barrels per day of ethane.
When operations commence in 2016, liquefied ethane will be transported to India in 6 technologically advanced ethane carriers, which will have the distinction of being the largest vessels ever built.
Conventional sources of ethane will continue to be an important and significant source for the foreseeable future.
Propane is valuable as a fuel, and ethane is used to make plastics.
Nevertheless, the researchers found ethane and propane locked in the sediments at all six sites.
Domestic ethane supplies will in turn rise to more than 900 MCF/day by 2008.
Ethane is used in the production of plastic raw materials.
To address the declining natural gas and ethane supply, the Alberta state government started an Incremental Ethane Extraction Program (IEEP) in 2007, which would provide additional benefits for increasing ethane production in Alberta.
MOL, President & CEO: Junichiro Ikeda) announced the delivery of the new building Very Large Ethane Carrier (VLEC) "ETHANE CRYSTAL", by Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI), for Reliance Industries Limited (Reliance) on November 9.
has completed construction, commissioned, and initiated operation of the remaining 162mile portion of the Aegis ethane pipeline from Lake Charles to the Napoleonville, LA area.