ethane


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ethane

(ĕth`ān), CH3CH3, gaseous hydrocarbon. It is a continuous-chain alkanealkane
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain only single bonds (see chemical bond). Alkanes have the general chemical formula CnH2n+2.
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. As a constituent of natural gas, it is used for fuel. It can be prepared by cracking and fractional distillation of petroleum.

Ethane

 

CH3—CH3, a saturated hydrocarbon that takes the form of a colorless, odorless, flammable gas.

Ethane has a melting point of – 183.27°C and a boiling point of – 88.63°C. The explosive limits of ethane in air are 3 and 12 percent by volume.

Ethane is formed in the dry distillation of coal and in the refining of petroleum (seePETROLEUM REFINING GASES). It is found in natural gas (though in far smaller proportions than methane) and in petroleum by-product gases. Ethane is industrially separated from these gases and used (generally in a mixture with propane) for the production of ethylene and ethyl chloride. The chlorination, nitration, and oxidation of ethane yield compounds that are used in industrial organic synthesis.

ethane

[′eth‚ān]
(organic chemistry)
CH3CH3 A colorless, odorless gas belonging to the alkane series of hydrocarbons, with freezing point of -183.3°C and boiling point of -88.6°C; used as a fuel and refrigerant and for organic synthesis.

ethane

a colourless odourless flammable gaseous alkane obtained from natural gas and petroleum: used as a fuel and in the manufacture of organic chemicals. Formula: C2H6
References in periodicals archive ?
Some of the data tables and figures provided for the global ethane market in this research report include:
Sabic), which is majority state-owned and a global leader in petrochemicals production, is optimistic it will get its hands on more ethane.
McNeil hinted, though, that existing ethane sources may have some difficulty keeping the existing ethylene plants running at full capacity right now.
Microbes under the seafloor commonly break down organic matter to produce methane, a gas similar to ethane and propane.
To address the declining natural gas and ethane supply, the Alberta state government started an Incremental Ethane Extraction Program (IEEP) in 2007, which would provide additional benefits for increasing ethane production in Alberta.
Geir Tuft, business director at Ineos Olefins & Polymers UK, said We know that ethane from US shale gas has transformed U.
Production Control Manager at National Petrochemical Company (NPC) Ali Mohammad Bosaqzadeh has said the supplies started a couple of weeks ago and the plants are receiving 10 to 15 tons/hour of ethane from the phases, shana reported.
This release provides a summary of Antero's reserves as of December 31, 2014, assuming ethane "rejection".
This key addition to our customer base brings a significant increase in long-term capacity commitments, further supporting development of the world's largest ethane export terminal"
SABIC and other Saudi producers use mostly ethane because the government provides it at subsidized, below market prices.
MIDDLE East petrochemicals producers pitch for ethane as their feedstock of choice, carrying a price advantage that would be difficult to replicate with other raw materials.