ethnocentrism

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ethnocentrism,

the feeling that one's group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation that are superior to those of other groups. It is coupled with a generalized contempt for members of other groups. Ethnocentrism may manifest itself in attitudes of superiority or sometimes hostility. Violence, discrimination, proselytizing, and verbal aggressiveness are other means whereby ethnocentrism may be expressed.

ethnocentrism

  1. the attitude of prejudice or mistrust towards outsiders which may exist within a social group; a way of perceiving one's own cultural group (in-group) in relation to others (out-groups). The term was introduced by W. G. SUMNER (1906) and involves the belief that one's own group is the most important, or is culturally superior to other groups. Thus, one's own culture is considered to be racially, morally and culturally of greater value or significance than that of others, and one becomes distrustful of those defined as outsiders. It also involves an incapacity to acknowledge that cultural differentiation does not imply the inferiority of those groups who are ethnically distinct from one's own.
  2. a characteristic of certain personality types. The ethnocentric personality is described by T Adorno et al. (1950) in The Authoritarian Personality (see AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY). Initially this study was concerned with the social and psychological aspects of anti-Semitism, but developed into a study of its more general correlates. Adorno et al. were concerned with explaining attitudes towards other ‘out-groups’ in American society, such as homosexuals and ethnic minorities, and maintained that antagonism towards one ‘out-group’ (e.g. Jews) seldom existed in isolation. They found that ethnocentrism tended to be associated with authoritarianism, dogmatism and rigidity, political and economic conservatism, and an implicit anti-democratic ideology. Thus, hostility towards one ‘out-group’ (see IN-GROUP AND OUT-GROUP) was often generalized and projected onto other ‘out-groups’. See also PREJUDICE, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM OR RACIALISM, ATTITUDE, ATTITUDE SCALE.
References in periodicals archive ?
6) He prefers the ethnocentric curriculum he experienced as a boy because he believes it did a better job of teaching tolerance.
Over the years, a number of theoretical constructs have been developed to understand the behavior of ethnocentric customers better (Levine/Cambell 1985).
Ethnocentric programmes have always ended up in disaster.
Before reform comes repentance; therefore, the church must repent from its narrow, ethnocentric vision, repent for painting the church with one hue, and repent from thinking that the church decides who is "in" and who is "out.
The two differences between ethnocentric and geocentric corporations in terms of orientation are a home-country orientation on the part of the parent company for ethnocentric model--introversion and a world orientation for geocentric model--extraversion.
She blames the swift demise of the mid-20th-century German and Japanese hegemonies on racial exclusivism and suggests that the ethnocentric obsessions of the Chinese will prevent their rising to hyperpower status in the 21st century.
Paul's universalist gospel of freedom and emancipation from ethnocentric Judaism constituted a singular and "innovative break" from Judaism and from Jewish Christianity.
In the latter 1980s, Shimp and Sharma (1987) expanded the discussion of ethnocentrism by investigating whether ethnocentric tendencies affected individual purchase behaviors.
Plenty of reaction posted to date on HBO's online forum to comments made by ``Real Sports'' ethnocentric host Bryant Gumbel about how he views - or doesn't view - the Winter Olympics.
The setting for these obsessive meditations is a fearfully ethnocentric, post-9/11 America (specifically, a small town in the Plains States).
It is not just a matter of having a school curriculum that is largely ethnocentric.
They begin to realize how ethnocentric their understanding had been.