ethnocentrism


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ethnocentrism,

the feeling that one's group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation that are superior to those of other groups. It is coupled with a generalized contempt for members of other groups. Ethnocentrism may manifest itself in attitudes of superiority or sometimes hostility. Violence, discrimination, proselytizing, and verbal aggressiveness are other means whereby ethnocentrism may be expressed.
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ethnocentrism

  1. the attitude of prejudice or mistrust towards outsiders which may exist within a social group; a way of perceiving one's own cultural group (in-group) in relation to others (out-groups). The term was introduced by W. G. SUMNER (1906) and involves the belief that one's own group is the most important, or is culturally superior to other groups. Thus, one's own culture is considered to be racially, morally and culturally of greater value or significance than that of others, and one becomes distrustful of those defined as outsiders. It also involves an incapacity to acknowledge that cultural differentiation does not imply the inferiority of those groups who are ethnically distinct from one's own.
  2. a characteristic of certain personality types. The ethnocentric personality is described by T Adorno et al. (1950) in The Authoritarian Personality (see AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY). Initially this study was concerned with the social and psychological aspects of anti-Semitism, but developed into a study of its more general correlates. Adorno et al. were concerned with explaining attitudes towards other ‘out-groups’ in American society, such as homosexuals and ethnic minorities, and maintained that antagonism towards one ‘out-group’ (e.g. Jews) seldom existed in isolation. They found that ethnocentrism tended to be associated with authoritarianism, dogmatism and rigidity, political and economic conservatism, and an implicit anti-democratic ideology. Thus, hostility towards one ‘out-group’ (see IN-GROUP AND OUT-GROUP) was often generalized and projected onto other ‘out-groups’. See also PREJUDICE, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM OR RACIALISM, ATTITUDE, ATTITUDE SCALE.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, the effects of consumer ethnocentrism on willingness to buy domestic product in the developed market was weaker than that in the emerging market ([r.sub.developed] = .31 < = .51; Q = 2.25, p = .13), but not significantly; the effect in Western culture was weaker than that in Eastern culture ([r.sub.western] = .27 < [r.sub.eastern] = 51; Q = 3.34, p = .07); the effect with a general sample was stronger than that with a student sample ([r.sub.general] = .46 > [r.sub.student] = .22; Q = 2.97, p = .08).
Colonial masters failed to acknowledge that there is always conflict between moral ethnicity and political ethnocentrism. Through this, the political elite regarded the manipulation of ethnic loyalty as the cheapest and most reliable strategy to acquire and consolidate power.
Studies have reported that there are consequent psychological processes as a result of global economic turbulence due to increasing global interdependence and these include ethnocentrism as well as openness to ideas and consumer products (Shankarmahesh, 2006; Cameron, Kocum, Berry, 2012).
The objectives of this research were to examine the link between perceived saliency of product origin information and consumer ethnocentrism, and explore the role of product specificity in this relationship.
Racism, ethnocentrism and parochialism inadvertently hurt everyone, for several different reasons.
Fierce loyalty to one's community cannot be called nationalism, it is "Ethnocentrism." This has been our national weakness: inward looking communities, each content within its own fold.
Underlying this trend of consuming an imported product as though it were domestic is a specific consumer trait, consumer ethnocentrism, an attitude that favors domestic products over imported products.
And (2) Is legally binding ethnocentrism the natural fulfillment of an earlier form of Zionism that has now dominated the discourse?
I will advise that Nigerians should ignore Xenocentrism and embrace ethnocentrism.
Following the movements of an imaginary traveler, Storti dips into the psychology of how we perceive difference and shows how travel, when done with intention, can mount a "withering attack" on ethnocentrism. The book is split into convenient sections, all stylishly written, sprinkled with appealing anecdotes, and easy to get through--as accessible as a snack bar.
For the subcontinent's transgender community, this right was eroded by the ethnocentrism of the British Raj that codified their status in 1871 as a 'criminal tribe' inherently 'addicted' to crime.