ethnocentrism


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ethnocentrism,

the feeling that one's group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation that are superior to those of other groups. It is coupled with a generalized contempt for members of other groups. Ethnocentrism may manifest itself in attitudes of superiority or sometimes hostility. Violence, discrimination, proselytizing, and verbal aggressiveness are other means whereby ethnocentrism may be expressed.

ethnocentrism

  1. the attitude of prejudice or mistrust towards outsiders which may exist within a social group; a way of perceiving one's own cultural group (in-group) in relation to others (out-groups). The term was introduced by W. G. SUMNER (1906) and involves the belief that one's own group is the most important, or is culturally superior to other groups. Thus, one's own culture is considered to be racially, morally and culturally of greater value or significance than that of others, and one becomes distrustful of those defined as outsiders. It also involves an incapacity to acknowledge that cultural differentiation does not imply the inferiority of those groups who are ethnically distinct from one's own.
  2. a characteristic of certain personality types. The ethnocentric personality is described by T Adorno et al. (1950) in The Authoritarian Personality (see AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY). Initially this study was concerned with the social and psychological aspects of anti-Semitism, but developed into a study of its more general correlates. Adorno et al. were concerned with explaining attitudes towards other ‘out-groups’ in American society, such as homosexuals and ethnic minorities, and maintained that antagonism towards one ‘out-group’ (e.g. Jews) seldom existed in isolation. They found that ethnocentrism tended to be associated with authoritarianism, dogmatism and rigidity, political and economic conservatism, and an implicit anti-democratic ideology. Thus, hostility towards one ‘out-group’ (see IN-GROUP AND OUT-GROUP) was often generalized and projected onto other ‘out-groups’. See also PREJUDICE, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM OR RACIALISM, ATTITUDE, ATTITUDE SCALE.
References in periodicals archive ?
A mail survey of Japanese post and beam builders was conducted to measure their level of ethnocentrism, market orientation, risk aversion, and price consciousness.
They know that it is impossible to overcome ethnocentrism completely, but also that they have to do their best to limit its effects and to remain aware of its influence.
Ethnocentrism and Social Dominance Orientation were ideological beliefs that also affected the polarization scores of Flemish undergraduates.
Ethnocentrism means 'my way is the right way' but since it is subconscious, you are not aware of it - you simply think of it as 'normal' so when people do things differently, you start to pull your hair out because 'you just can't understand why they are messing me about.
You turned a legitimate ecological concern into the pettiness of racism, ethnocentrism and anti-Semitism.
Descendants of the indigenous peoples whose communities were destroyed have condemned the ethnocentrism of the very idea of such a "discovery.
He treats it regionally, chronologically, and contextually, highlighting the tension between ethnocentrism and geopolitics as these stalwart pilgrims interpreted their relationship to Hitler's National Socialism.
think tank says Japanese textbooks may give rise to ethnocentrism, raising questions anew about Japan's ''textbook problem.
There are two papers on ancient Greek ethnocentrism and three on later political exploitation of ideas about ancient Greek civilization, including in Greece itself during the past couple of centuries.
But the main "bite" of the book of Jonah comes from what it has to say about the kinds of ethnocentrism and prejudice that led some Jews to misunderstand that the idea of being God's "chosen people" entitled them to some kind of automatic place of privilege rather than challenging them with an awesome responsibility.
The chapter on "ethnomania" attacks the ethnocentrism and racism that make excessive claims for the accomplishments of one or other ethnic group and have contributed so much to the viciousness of recent, often genocidal, ethnic clashes.
Each program runs for more than three hours and covers such critical issues as adapting to change, avoiding ethnocentrism, dealing with culture shock, the lifestyles and values of the people, daily life in the country, work culture, managing employees, negotiating and business entertaining.