ethnocentrism


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

ethnocentrism,

the feeling that one's group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation that are superior to those of other groups. It is coupled with a generalized contempt for members of other groups. Ethnocentrism may manifest itself in attitudes of superiority or sometimes hostility. Violence, discrimination, proselytizing, and verbal aggressiveness are other means whereby ethnocentrism may be expressed.

ethnocentrism

  1. the attitude of prejudice or mistrust towards outsiders which may exist within a social group; a way of perceiving one's own cultural group (in-group) in relation to others (out-groups). The term was introduced by W. G. SUMNER (1906) and involves the belief that one's own group is the most important, or is culturally superior to other groups. Thus, one's own culture is considered to be racially, morally and culturally of greater value or significance than that of others, and one becomes distrustful of those defined as outsiders. It also involves an incapacity to acknowledge that cultural differentiation does not imply the inferiority of those groups who are ethnically distinct from one's own.
  2. a characteristic of certain personality types. The ethnocentric personality is described by T Adorno et al. (1950) in The Authoritarian Personality (see AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY). Initially this study was concerned with the social and psychological aspects of anti-Semitism, but developed into a study of its more general correlates. Adorno et al. were concerned with explaining attitudes towards other ‘out-groups’ in American society, such as homosexuals and ethnic minorities, and maintained that antagonism towards one ‘out-group’ (e.g. Jews) seldom existed in isolation. They found that ethnocentrism tended to be associated with authoritarianism, dogmatism and rigidity, political and economic conservatism, and an implicit anti-democratic ideology. Thus, hostility towards one ‘out-group’ (see IN-GROUP AND OUT-GROUP) was often generalized and projected onto other ‘out-groups’. See also PREJUDICE, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM OR RACIALISM, ATTITUDE, ATTITUDE SCALE.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the first part of the paper there are discussed the key definitions of racism, and are addressed other concepts, such as ethnocentrism and xenophobia, from which the term "racism" distinguishes itself.
In the present study we aimed to undertake, to the best of our knowledge, the first meta-analysis on the effects of consumer ethnocentrism on product judgment and willingness to buy.
Thus, ethnicity is reformulated to suit political agendas and nominations leading to a politics of exclusion, with competing loyalties for political positioning, political violence and ethnocentrism.
Studies have reported that there are consequent psychological processes as a result of global economic turbulence due to increasing global interdependence and these include ethnocentrism as well as openness to ideas and consumer products (Shankarmahesh, 2006; Cameron, Kocum, Berry, 2012).
However, there is still a limited documented research exploring the consumer ethnocentrism in the services market.
He knew the Japanese in World War II, the Koreans later and others, didn't think or act like Americans, so you have to give him high marks on ethnocentrism.
The work on consumer ideologies such as ethnocentrism, nationalism, and patriotism posits that precisely because of the 'shrinking globe' and the more and more interconnected world; consumers are increasingly concerned with their cultural, national and ethnic identities, which subsequently affect their consumption motivations [5,46].
In chapter 1, Holeman sets out the argument for why Christian counselors should incorporate strong-sense theology, hallmarked by personal theological awareness, curiosity, and respect for alternative perspectives, awareness of theological ethnocentrism, and comfort with theological ambiguity.
A number of socio-psychological factor (such as patriotism, conservatism, collectivism, cultural openness, animosity and world-mindedness) and demographic factors (such as gender, age, education and income) act as antecedents to consumer ethnocentrism (Shankarmahesh, 2006; Jain and Jain, 2010).
Consumer ethnocentrism, perceived product quality and choice: an empirical investigation.
Studying the effect of ethnocentrism on the consumer habits is one way of investigating buyer behavior and market segmentation.
Back matter guides readers to greater comprehension of the NAACP, IQ tests, and ethnocentrism.