ethnography

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ethnography:

see anthropologyanthropology,
classification and analysis of humans and their society, descriptively, culturally, historically, and physically. Its unique contribution to studying the bonds of human social relations has been the distinctive concept of culture.
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; ethnologyethnology
, scientific study of the origin and functioning of human cultures. It is usually considered one of the major branches of cultural anthropology, the other two being anthropological archaeology and anthropological linguistics. In the 19th cent.
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ethnography

the direct observation of an organization or small society, and the written description produced. Often the method of observation involves PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION. The ethnographic method (sometimes also referred to as FIELDWORK) is a basic method in SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, It is also a method used in some areas of sociology, e.g. COMMUNITY STUDIES. Usually a researcher gathers data by living and working in the society or social setting being researched, seeking to immerse himself or herself as fully as possible in the activities under observation, but at the same time keeping careful records of these activities.

In anthropology, an emphasis on the importance of the ethnographic method was initially associated with the functionalist school, which encouraged an analysis of the internal structure and function of single societies rather than historical or comparative studies (see FUNCTIONALISM). However, there is no inherent reason why ethnographic and comparative approaches should not be seen as complementary or why ethnography should simply be associated with one theoretical school.

ethnography

[eth′nä·grə·fē]
(anthropology)
The branch of ethnology that deals with the description of races or ethnic groups, without attempting to analyze or compare them.
References in periodicals archive ?
Haal is not the only village the government intends to develop on ethnographic lines.
However, a point in this paper that illustrates that caution is needed when following the classic approach is that there exists a potential for multiple ethnographic textual readings.
The final ethnographic chapters address Yapese efforts to confront experiences of pain.
As a result, Bonnemere and fellow contributors seek both to provide ethnographic evidence that confirms the presence and influence of women on male ritual process and to address why women's participation in male ritual has remained unacknowledged by anthropologists working in Melanesia.
Ethnographic interviews, intercultural understanding, attitudes Self/Other language and identity
Other chapters consider problems specific to anthropology such as ethnographic refusal, working in a multimedia-saturated world, subjectivity, and the relationship between power and agency.
Ranolf and Amohia should be read, at least in part, as ethnography: indeed, it is clear that the poem was valued precisely for this ethnographic element.
Through vignettes from two ethnographic studies (Court, 2002; Court, 2004) I will illustrate how reflection is essential in order to see beyond personal experience to perceive the truth of others.
The final component of our research design involves the documentation of workers' life histories through in-depth, ethnographic interviews that explore how their work affects their lives and how they make decisions about their employment.
Laura Ellingson's Communicating in the Clinic is not only an excellent example of an ethnographic study of patient-care provider communication and the backstage interaction and teamwork of the care providers in a medical clinic but also an exemplar of the multiple manifestations of ethnographic writing with a utilitarian value for both undergraduate and graduate classes in qualitative research methods.
Drawing on ethnographic material on gender, youth, and consumption in Kerala, the article traces the intersecting gender, class, and caste terrain that underlies this field of consumption.
The conceptual models developed in works of contemporary or postmodern ethnographic theory--most notably James Clifford's The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth-Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art--provide a particularly well-suited critical apparatus by which to examine Brother to Dragons as a work of creative ethnography.