ethnography

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ethnography:

see anthropologyanthropology,
classification and analysis of humans and their society, descriptively, culturally, historically, and physically. Its unique contribution to studying the bonds of human social relations has been the distinctive concept of culture.
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; ethnologyethnology
, scientific study of the origin and functioning of human cultures. It is usually considered one of the major branches of cultural anthropology, the other two being anthropological archaeology and anthropological linguistics. In the 19th cent.
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ethnography

the direct observation of an organization or small society, and the written description produced. Often the method of observation involves PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION. The ethnographic method (sometimes also referred to as FIELDWORK) is a basic method in SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, It is also a method used in some areas of sociology, e.g. COMMUNITY STUDIES. Usually a researcher gathers data by living and working in the society or social setting being researched, seeking to immerse himself or herself as fully as possible in the activities under observation, but at the same time keeping careful records of these activities.

In anthropology, an emphasis on the importance of the ethnographic method was initially associated with the functionalist school, which encouraged an analysis of the internal structure and function of single societies rather than historical or comparative studies (see FUNCTIONALISM). However, there is no inherent reason why ethnographic and comparative approaches should not be seen as complementary or why ethnography should simply be associated with one theoretical school.

ethnography

[eth′nä·grə·fē]
(anthropology)
The branch of ethnology that deals with the description of races or ethnic groups, without attempting to analyze or compare them.
References in periodicals archive ?
I shall approach the case by combining historical overview with anthropological search, by using ethnographical data obtained through fieldwork, so as to capture transition and transformation of social meaning and function of such an identity.
Eighty-five-year-old Chryso Iliades, owner of the ethnographical museum in Paphos, said she was delighted with the gift which will be displayed as soon as a suitable wall space is cleared.
Clothing Connections uses items from the Dorman's archaeological, social history, costume and textile, natural science and ethnographical collections to make connections between different cultures and across different time periods through the materials and techniques used to create and adorn clothing.
The topics include taking space personally, sex and the modern city, space and place on an ethnographical journey in Columbia, and the documentary as a space of intuition as illustrated by Luis Bunuel's Land Without Bread.
Wise words in a book that's as much a coming-of-age tale as it is an ethnographical description of a certain type of North American poverty.
Apostle to the Inuit, the first publication of the diaries and ethnographical notes of E.
The accounts of 'the sweetness of the air' in Arcadia or the 'aboundance of Catell without keepers' that William Lithgow saw there disappear behind the determined effort to 'develop a more fully rounded picture of the polyvocal ways in which the Arcadian world would have resonated within early modern England and the way in which these ethnographical and fictional glasses blend' (p.
Everyday life in Bilwi--the capital city of today's North Atlantic Autonomous Region--constitutes the main source of the rich ethnographical data collected by the author early in the 1990s.
The museum was principally a collection of local history and ethnographical material and he had a particular interest in Arctic material so apparently - and we don't know if this is true - holes show that this may have been used for a dwelling as support material and this could have been from its time in the Arctic, I think, that's why it was felt that it should come to the museum collection.
Jack Kugelmass's "Wishes Come True: Designing the Greenwich Village Halloween Parade" is good to see in reprint, both for its interesting ethnographical approach and as a study of the slow de-counter-hegemonic processes which seem inevitable for any festival occasion.
Aside from the laundry room with rugs, the only other photograph not of an ethnographical museum shows a bank in central Zurich.
Gibson, and of course the PEF archives, richly document nineteenth-century cultural practices--the ethnographical, archaeological, political, and religious interests that early explorers and photographers brought to their endeavors.