ethnography

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ethnography:

see anthropologyanthropology,
classification and analysis of humans and their society, descriptively, culturally, historically, and physically. Its unique contribution to studying the bonds of human social relations has been the distinctive concept of culture.
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; ethnologyethnology
, scientific study of the origin and functioning of human cultures. It is usually considered one of the major branches of cultural anthropology, the other two being anthropological archaeology and anthropological linguistics. In the 19th cent.
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ethnography

the direct observation of an organization or small society, and the written description produced. Often the method of observation involves PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION. The ethnographic method (sometimes also referred to as FIELDWORK) is a basic method in SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, It is also a method used in some areas of sociology, e.g. COMMUNITY STUDIES. Usually a researcher gathers data by living and working in the society or social setting being researched, seeking to immerse himself or herself as fully as possible in the activities under observation, but at the same time keeping careful records of these activities.

In anthropology, an emphasis on the importance of the ethnographic method was initially associated with the functionalist school, which encouraged an analysis of the internal structure and function of single societies rather than historical or comparative studies (see FUNCTIONALISM). However, there is no inherent reason why ethnographic and comparative approaches should not be seen as complementary or why ethnography should simply be associated with one theoretical school.

ethnography

[eth′nä·grə·fē]
(anthropology)
The branch of ethnology that deals with the description of races or ethnic groups, without attempting to analyze or compare them.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fixated as Hauptmann's works are on domestic issues, therefore, it seems somewhat confining to isolate even the decidedly non-cosmopolitan working-class milieu of his works from the ethnographically aware environment of the time.
On the one hand, many researchers posit that an initial Lapita "pulse" of settlement coincided with wide ranging exchange of obsidian ~3300-2000BP, followed by a period of contraction in network scope that eventually saw the development of ethnographically documented, locally intensive exchange networks (Kirch 1991; Specht 2002).
Carlson demonstrates that documents still matter in the understanding the Aboriginal past when critically examined ethnographically and historiographically.
While Monica's drawings of material culture are painstakingly precise and ethnographically accurate, her portraits of people are, as Michaela Haug writes in her review in Anthropos, emotional and sensitive.
The Old Man reminds us, too, of the ritualistic or cultish element to Siena's patterns; the microcosmic structure of his designs invokes an ethnographically wide range of imagery denoting belief systems and meditative models.
Steering clear of more familiar questions relating to Christian ethics and doctrine, the book's contributors ethnographically chart a territory in which conversion appears as a predominantly somatic phenomenon, a transformational process that reverberates in both individual and social bodies.
Perhaps this same diversity and unity kept their art from being ethnographically categorized--the same strategy of resistance used by many contemporary artists in urban artistic communities.
He adopts a dynamic, ethnographically based approach to the meanings of 'modernness' in the Arab context and, within a relational framework, focuses on structures of thought, everydayness and self-referentiality to explore the process of building a bridge that rejoins the 'modern' in Arab thought with the 'modern' in Arab lived experience.
One important exception was Jaap Kunst's collecting expeditions between 1915 and 1947 to the island of Terschelling, an area of interest ethnographically for its distinctive Friesian dialect, where Kunst (1891-1960) first encountered folk song in the summer of 1913.
Finding Dahshaa contains fascinating, ethnographically rich descriptions and analysis of formal negotiations for aboriginal self-government in the Northwest Territories.
Condry proposes taking seriously the notion of a "culture of piracy" by exploring ethnographically the practices and attitudes of file sharers.
It should be noted that in most ethnographically documented cultures, mushrooms and other hallucinogenic substances were considered the catalyst, not the source, of the shaman's visions; instead, it was believed that they merely made the visions possible by opening communication with the Other World.