ethnography


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ethnography:

see anthropologyanthropology,
classification and analysis of humans and their society, descriptively, culturally, historically, and physically. Its unique contribution to studying the bonds of human social relations has been the distinctive concept of culture.
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; ethnologyethnology
, scientific study of the origin and functioning of human cultures. It is usually considered one of the major branches of cultural anthropology, the other two being anthropological archaeology and anthropological linguistics. In the 19th cent.
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ethnography

the direct observation of an organization or small society, and the written description produced. Often the method of observation involves PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION. The ethnographic method (sometimes also referred to as FIELDWORK) is a basic method in SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, It is also a method used in some areas of sociology, e.g. COMMUNITY STUDIES. Usually a researcher gathers data by living and working in the society or social setting being researched, seeking to immerse himself or herself as fully as possible in the activities under observation, but at the same time keeping careful records of these activities.

In anthropology, an emphasis on the importance of the ethnographic method was initially associated with the functionalist school, which encouraged an analysis of the internal structure and function of single societies rather than historical or comparative studies (see FUNCTIONALISM). However, there is no inherent reason why ethnographic and comparative approaches should not be seen as complementary or why ethnography should simply be associated with one theoretical school.

ethnography

[eth′nä·grə·fē]
(anthropology)
The branch of ethnology that deals with the description of races or ethnic groups, without attempting to analyze or compare them.
References in periodicals archive ?
Commemoration ceremony held in Ankara Ethnography Museum on November 10,1939, just one year later since the modern Turkey's founder Mustafa Kemal AtatE-rk.
Levi Strauss & Co asked Happy Thinking People's India office to execute foundational research in China and USA into the fashion worlds of teens and pre-teens (8-12, 13-14 year-olds), using the Agency's Mobile Ethnography App Happisodes.
Jackson suggests that ethnography should refrain from the Geertzive impulse to offer the authoritative or thick text (1), and rather, accept the painful but liberating reality that ethnography is only one way to skin the proverbial cat.
Therefore, it is the lay people, the pastors, and the teachers of this church who are ideally positioned to enact the work of ethnography within their own communities.
One of statues is a woman-warrior, which is an extremely rare artifact for the given region," chief of expedition Yuli Hudyakov, Chief Researcher of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Honorary Academician of the Kyrgyz National Academy of Sciences, said.
Following Peterson's emphasis on the importance of theory informed by ethnography, I provide research examples from a culturally diverse educational context outside of Darwin that are intended to demonstrate subversive State goals of centralized controls underlying educational policies.
Procurement Features Youth Theatre Stage - Stage Left and Control Apparatus Sets the Humidity and Temperature Ethnography Museum and the Royal Court
It is indeed a bit surprising that Mimica doesn't tee off more fully against works that do purport to centrally engage Foucault with Melanesian ethnography.
Dwight Conquergood, Cultural Struggles: Performance, Ethnography, Praxis, edited and with an introduction by E.
I begin this work with an explanation of ethnography as method as a way of foreshadowing what it may offer interpretation research.
Many of the debates about new ethnography in turn offer us crucial insight into the ways in which the study of folklore and literature has been, to a large degree, racialized so that novels by minority writers are often approached as "ethnographic fictions": that is, as sites of cultural translation and tourism, where nonwhite writers "translate" their culture so that white readers can learn "what life is really like" for an Other.
4 Recently, many in anthropology and the social sciences have engaged ethnography as giving "voice" to those marginalized by global economic and political forces and in lands caught up in insurgency and terrorism.