ethnography


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ethnography:

see anthropologyanthropology,
classification and analysis of humans and their society, descriptively, culturally, historically, and physically. Its unique contribution to studying the bonds of human social relations has been the distinctive concept of culture.
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; ethnologyethnology
, scientific study of the origin and functioning of human cultures. It is usually considered one of the major branches of cultural anthropology, the other two being anthropological archaeology and anthropological linguistics. In the 19th cent.
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ethnography

the direct observation of an organization or small society, and the written description produced. Often the method of observation involves PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION. The ethnographic method (sometimes also referred to as FIELDWORK) is a basic method in SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, It is also a method used in some areas of sociology, e.g. COMMUNITY STUDIES. Usually a researcher gathers data by living and working in the society or social setting being researched, seeking to immerse himself or herself as fully as possible in the activities under observation, but at the same time keeping careful records of these activities.

In anthropology, an emphasis on the importance of the ethnographic method was initially associated with the functionalist school, which encouraged an analysis of the internal structure and function of single societies rather than historical or comparative studies (see FUNCTIONALISM). However, there is no inherent reason why ethnographic and comparative approaches should not be seen as complementary or why ethnography should simply be associated with one theoretical school.

ethnography

[eth′nä·grə·fē]
(anthropology)
The branch of ethnology that deals with the description of races or ethnic groups, without attempting to analyze or compare them.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the first article, Ballestero and Werth further build on the introduction, showing how ethnography as a mode of inquiry is uniquely suited to understand these timely topics by focusing on ethnography's ability to unpack the practices, discourses, and logics that sustain penality.
180), Kullberg offers a thorough intellectual history of literature and ethnography in Martinique that combines analyses of well-known texts and figures with others that she rescues from critical neglect.
Apart from hitting the reader from time to time with unexpected quotes from the higher authorities of postmodernism that are not always woven well into the text, this work is an important contribution that raises new perspectives in the history and ethnography of the Chinese diaspora in Borneo and beyond by approaching it through the anthropology of collective trauma processing.
Commemoration ceremony held in Ankara Ethnography Museum on November 10,1939, just one year later since the modern Turkey's founder Mustafa Kemal AtatE-rk.
Despite the dramatic technological changes in news production and distribution brought on by the Internet, "many of the routines and practices of news production observed in the golden era of news ethnography remain constant" (Usher, 2013, p.
It is at this point that one gets the impression that the author is more interested in these themes rather than developing the ethnography in relation to 'potent landscapes', and one begins to wonder whether Allerton has chosen the correct title for her book.
Jackson suggests that ethnography should refrain from the Geertzive impulse to offer the authoritative or thick text (1), and rather, accept the painful but liberating reality that ethnography is only one way to skin the proverbial cat.
Institutional ethnography (IE) is a critical form of social inquiry founded by Dorothy Smith.
Therefore, it is the lay people, the pastors, and the teachers of this church who are ideally positioned to enact the work of ethnography within their own communities.
What kind of ethnography is Ritual Retellingsl Belian are still comparatively frequent among the Central Luangan and Herrmans' key question is: Why?
s Thin Description: Ethnography and the African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem is an innovative investigation of an oftenoverlooked group that is both informative and thought provoking in its commentary on the AHIJ, ethnography, and anthropology.
In sections on beginnings, responses, transformations, and receptions, they consider such topics as the invention of the "barbarian" in late sixth-century BC Ionia, visual mediation and Greek identity in Xenophon's Anabasis, ethnography and the gods in Tacitus' Germania, exploring the ethnographic digression in Plutarch's Lives, ethnography and identity on India's northwestern frontier, and the scope of ancient ethnography.